Turkish leaders and their foreign policy decision-making style: A comparative and multi-method perspective

Esra Cuhadar, Juliet Kaarbo, Barış Kesgin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using both quantitative and qualitative research techniques, we investigate the effect of leaders’ style and personality on foreign policy. The study examines six Turkish leaders, Süleyman Demirel, Bülent Ecevit, Necmettin Erbakan, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Abdullah Gül, and Turgut Özal, and 18 foreign policy cases to answer the followings: Do Turkish leaders differ from each other in terms of their personality traits and styles? How did their styles affect their foreign policy choices? How did they react to various domestic and international constraints they encountered in cases of foreign policy? Our findings suggest that: (a) in terms of their personality traits, Turkish leaders do not collectively fit in one category; (b) there are some stark differences among our six leaders, although some leaders are more similar to each other than others in terms of their personality traits and styles; (c) these differences were observable in the foreign policy decisions they made.
Original languageEnglish
JournalTurkish Studies
Early online date9 Feb 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Turkish foreign policy
  • Turkish prime ministers
  • leadership
  • leadership trait analysis
  • income elasticity
  • economic growth
  • tourism-led economies
  • dynamic computable general equilibrium

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