Two novel proteins recruited by synaptonemal complex protein 1 (SYCP1) are at the centre of meiosis

Yael Costa, Robert Speed, Rupert Ollinger, Manfred Alsheimer, Colin A Semple, Philippe Gautier, Klio Maratou, Ivana Novak, Christer Höög, Ricardo Benavente, Howard J Cooke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Completion of meiosis in mammals depends on the formation of the synaptonemal complex, a tripartite structure that physically links homologous chromosomes during prophase I. Several components of the synaptonemal complex are known, including constituents of the cohesin core, the axial/lateral element and the transverse filaments. No protein has previously been identified as an exclusive component of the central element. Mutations in some synaptonemal-complex proteins results in impaired meiosis. In humans, cases of male infertility have been associated with failure to build the synaptonemal complex. To search for new components of the meiotic machinery, we have used data from microarray expression profiling and found two proteins localising solely to the central element of the mammalian synaptonemal complex. These new proteins, SYCE1 and CESC1, interact with the transverse filament protein SYCP1, and their localisation to the central element appears to depend on recruitment by SYCP1. This suggests a role for SYCE1 and CESC1 in synaptonemal-complex assembly, and perhaps also stability and recombination.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2755-62
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume118
Issue numberPt 12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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