Ultrasound-assisted electrodeposition of composite coatings with particles

Ignacio Tudela*, Yi Zhang, Madan Pal, Ian Kerr, Andrew J. Cobley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The electrodeposition of multifunctional composite coatings has rapidly emerged in the last decade due to the enhanced mechanical properties and corrosion resistance that such composite coatings exhibit compared to electroplated single metal and alloy deposits. Many studies have indicated that the implementation of ultrasound in composite electroplating processes can bring about many benefits, not only as a tool to improve the dispersion and de-agglomeration of particles in the electroplating bath, but also to enhance the incorporation of finely dispersed and uniformly distributed particles into the metal matrix. The present paper summarizes the fundamentals of the use of ultrasound and acoustic cavitation and how it may influence the electrodeposition of composite coatings with particles by commenting on some of the most significant works on this topic presented by the scientific community in the last 10. years. This paper will review these investigations and discuss how the ultrasonic parameters may affect the dispersion of the particles in the electrolyte and its effect on the characteristics of the composite coatings, generally resulting in the enhancement of the mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of the composite coatings. In addition, this paper will review some of the issues that may arise when using ultrasound in such processes and the pros and cons of the different transducer systems available, highlighting the need for detailed information regarding the ultrasonic parameters and equipment used when utilising sonication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-373
Number of pages11
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue numberPC
Early online date2 Aug 2014
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Composite coatings
  • Electrodeposition
  • Electroplating
  • Particles
  • Ultrasound


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