Abstract / Description of output
Some porous crystalline solids change their structure upon guest inclusion. Unlocking the potential of these solids for a wide variety of applications requires full characterisation of the response to adsorption and the underlying framework–guest interactions. Here, we introduce an approach to understanding gas uptake in porous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) by loading liquefied gases at GPa pressures inside the Zn-based framework ZIF-8. An integrated experimental and computational study using high-pressure crystallography, grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) and periodic DFT simulations has revealed six symmetry-independent adsorption sites within the framework and a transition to a high-pressure phase. The cryogenic high-pressure loading method offers a different approach to obtaining atomistic detail on guest molecules. The GCMC simulations provide information on interaction energies of the adsorption sites allowing to classify the sites by energy. DFT calculations reveal the energy barrier of the transition to the high-pressure phase. This combination of techniques provides a holistic approach to understanding both structural and energetic changes upon adsorption in MOFs.