Underwater soft robotics, the benefit of body-shape variations in aquatic propulsion

Francesco Giorgio-Serchi, Gabriel Weymouth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract / Description of output

Aquatic organisms capable of undergoing extensive volume variation of their body during locomotion can benefit from increased thrust production. This is enabled by making use of not only the expulsion of mass from their body, as documented extensively in the study of pulsed-jet propulsion, but also from the recovery of kinetic energy via the variation of added mass. We use a simplified mechanical system, i.e. a shape-changing linear oscillator, to investigate the phenomenon of added-mass recovery. Our study proves that a deformable oscillator can be set in sustained resonance by exploiting the contribution from shape variation alone which, if appropriately modulated, can annihilate viscous drag. By confirming that a body immersed in a dense fluid which undergoes an abrupt change of its shape experiences a positive feedback on thrust, we prove that soft-bodied vehicles can be designed and actuated in such a way as to exploit their own body deformation to benefit of augmented propulsive forces.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSoft Robotics: Trends, Applications and Challenges
EditorsCecilia Laschi, Jonathan Rossiter, Fumiya Iida, Matteo Cianchetti, Laura Margheri
PublisherSpringer International Publishing AG
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-46459-6
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameBiosystems & Biorobotics
PublisherSpringer International Publishing


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