Universal static and dynamic properties of the structural transition in Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O-3

C Stock*, RJ Birgeneau, S Wakimoto, JS Gardner, W Chen, ZG Ye, G Shirane

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The relaxors Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O-3 (PZN) and Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O-3 (PMN) have very similar properties based on the dielectric response around the critical temperature T-c (defined by the structural transition under the application of an electric field). It has been widely believed that these materials are quite different below T-c with the unit cell of PMN remaining cubic while in PZN the low-temperature unit cell is rhombohedral in shape. However, this has been clarified by recent high-energy x-ray studies which have shown that PZN is rhombohedral only in the skin while the shape of the unit cell in the bulk is nearly cubic. In this study we have performed both neutron elastic and inelastic scattering to show that the temperature dependence of both the diffuse and phonon scattering in PZN and PMN are very similar. Both compounds show a nearly identical recovery of the soft optic mode and a broadening of the acoustic mode below T-c. The diffuse scattering in PZN is suggestive of an onset at the high-temperature Burns temperature similar to that in PMN. In contrast to PMN, we observe a broadening of the Bragg peaks in both the longitudinal and transverse directions below T-c. We reconcile this additional broadening, not observed in PMN, in terms of structural inhomogeneity in PZN. Based on the strong similarities between PMN and PZN, we suggest that both materials belong to the same universality class and discuss the relaxor transition in terms of the three-dimensional Heisenberg model with cubic anisotropy in a random field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number094104
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical review B
Volume69
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • INELASTIC NEUTRON-SCATTERING
  • RELAXOR FERROELECTRIC PBMG1/3NB2/3O3
  • LEAD-ZINC NIOBATE
  • LONG-RANGE ORDER
  • PHASE-TRANSITION
  • SINGLE-CRYSTALS
  • BEHAVIOR
  • PEROVSKITES
  • DIFFRACTION
  • SYMMETRY

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