Urogenital schistosomiasis among pre-school and school aged children in four districts of north western Tanzania after 15 years of mass drug administration: Geographical prevalence, risk factors and performance of haematuria reagent strips

Humphrey Mazigo, Upendo J Mwingira, Maria M Zinga, Cecilia Uisso, Paul E Kazyoba, Safari M. Kinung’hi, Francisca Mutapi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Background: Urogenital schistosomiasis remains as a public health problem in Tanzania and for the past 15 years, mass drug administration (MDA) targeting primary school children has remained as the mainstay for its control. However, after multiple rounds of MDA in highly risk groups, there are no data on the current status of Schistosoma haematobium in known endemic areas. Furthermore, the performance of commonly used diagnostic test, the urine reagent strips is not known after the decline in prevalence and intensities of infection following repeated rounds of treatment. Thus, after 15 of national MDA, there is a need to review the strategy and infection diagnostic tools available to inform the next stage of schistosomiasis control in the country.

Methods/findings: A analytical cross-sectional study was conducted between October and November, 2019 among pre-school (3-5years old) and school aged children (6-17 years old) living in four (4)districts with low (
Conclusion: The findings provide an updated geographical prevalence which gives an insight on the planning and implementation of MDA. Comparing with the earlier mapping survey at the start of the national wide mass drug administration, the prevalence of S. haematobium infection have significantly declined. This partly could be attributed to repeated rounds of mass drug administration. The urinereagent strips remain as a useful adjunct diagnostic test for rapid monitoring of urogenital schistosomiasis in areas with low and high prevalence. Based on prevalence levels and with some schools having no detectable infections, review of the current blanket mass drug administration is recommended.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0010834
Number of pages17
JournalPLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Oct 2022

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