Using Nominal Group Technique to investigate the factors of child sexual abuse in Malaysia

Che Rozubi Norsayyidatina *, Anuar Azad Athahiri , Konstantinos Kosmas Gaitis, Ismail Nurul Khairani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

This study aims to study the factors contributing to sexual abuse of children in Malaysia. This study uses the Nominal Group Technique (NGT) approach in determining the list of factors for victims and predators, involving six experts from six different institutions that are directly involved with the issue of child sexual abuse (CSA). The findings of the study show that there are four factors that reach the highest value (86.7%) for the victims, which are naivety and lack of knowledge, family problems, unsafe environment, and social media. As for predator factors, two factors were rejected because they reached a low value, namely the factor of “wanting to try” (60%), and mental health issues (66.67%). Finally, the highest predator factors found are family crisis and upbringing style, with each reaching a value of 83.33%. The findings of the study show that several factors in the occurrence of sexual abuse against children can be identified. This matter needs attention so that this problem can be controlled and prevented from spreading in the community. The NGT method shows an effective and acceptable methodology for solving the problems of this study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2899-2905
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education
Issue number5
Early online date13 Jul 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Jul 2024

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • children
  • school
  • psychology
  • counseling
  • education
  • abuse and sexual


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