Using pre-selected variants from large-scale whole-genome sequence data for single-step genomic predictions in pigs

Sungbong Jang, Roger Ros-Freixedes, John M Hickey, Ching-Yi Chen, Justin Holl, William O Herring, Ignacy Misztal, Daniela Lourenco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

BACKGROUND: Whole-genome sequence (WGS) data harbor causative variants that may not be present in standard single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chip data. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of using preselected variants from WGS for single-step genomic predictions in maternal and terminal pig lines with up to 1.8k sequenced and 104k sequence imputed animals per line.

METHODS: Two maternal and four terminal lines were investigated for eight and seven traits, respectively. The number of sequenced animals ranged from 1365 to 1491 for the maternal lines and 381 to 1865 for the terminal lines. Imputation to sequence occurred within each line for 66k to 76k animals for the maternal lines and 29k to 104k animals for the terminal lines. Two preselected SNP sets were generated based on a genome-wide association study (GWAS). Top40k included the SNPs with the lowest p-value in each of the 40k genomic windows, and ChipPlusSign included significant variants integrated into the porcine SNP chip used for routine genotyping. We compared the performance of single-step genomic predictions between using preselected SNP sets assuming equal or different variances and the standard porcine SNP chip.

RESULTS: In the maternal lines, ChipPlusSign and Top40k showed an average increase in accuracy of 0.6 and 4.9%, respectively, compared to the regular porcine SNP chip. The greatest increase was obtained with Top40k, particularly for fertility traits, for which the initial accuracy based on the standard SNP chip was low. However, in the terminal lines, Top40k resulted in an average loss of accuracy of 1%. ChipPlusSign provided a positive, although small, gain in accuracy (0.9%). Assigning different variances for the SNPs slightly improved accuracies when using variances obtained from BayesR. However, increases were inconsistent across the lines and traits.

CONCLUSIONS: The benefit of using sequence data depends on the line, the size of the genotyped population, and how the WGS variants are preselected. When WGS data are available on hundreds of thousands of animals, using sequence data presents an advantage but this remains limited in pigs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number55
Pages (from-to)55
JournalGenetics Selection Evolution
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Animals
  • Swine/genetics
  • Genome-Wide Association Study/methods
  • Genome
  • Genomics/methods
  • Genotype
  • Phenotype
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

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