Utility of cardiac troponin I, creatine kinase-MB(mass), myosin light chain 1, and myoglobin in the early in-hospital triage of "high risk" patients with chest pain

Graham S Hillis, N Zhao, P Taggart, WC Dalsey, A Mangione

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To evaluate the use of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), creatine kinase-MB(mass) (CK-MB(mass)), myosin light chain 1 (MLC 1), and myoglobin in identifying "high risk" patients with chest pain who will experience serious cardiac events (SCEs) in hospital.
DESIGN:
Prospective study.
SETTING:
University affiliated medical centre in Philadelphia, USA.
PATIENTS:
208 patients with chest pain, at > 7% risk of acute myocardial infarction (MI), but without new ST segment elevation on their presenting ECG.
INTERVENTIONS:
cTnI, CK-MB(mass), MLC 1, and myoglobin concentrations were obtained on admission (0 hour) and at 4, 8, 16, and 24 hours.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and pre- and post-test probabilities of patients suffering an SCE in hospital were determined. SCEs included cardiac death, acute MI, cardiac arrest, life threatening cardiac arrhythmia, cardiogenic shock, and urgent coronary revascularisation.
RESULTS:
Admission concentrations of all markers were poor predictors of SCEs in hospital but improved substantially at subsequent timepoints. cTnI and CK-MB(mass) were consistently the most useful prognostic indicators. If both were negative at 0, 4, and 8 hours, then 99% (95% confidence interval 96% to 100%) of patients remained free from SCEs. The only SCEs not thus predicted were revascularisation procedures and associated complications. Additional tests after 8 hours, or the inclusion of additional markers, did not improve predictive accuracy further.
CONCLUSIONS:
Patients with high risk clinical features on admission who have negative cTnI and CK-MB(mass) concentrations at 0, 4, and 8 hours later have a favourable in-hospital prognosis and could be considered for early triage out of coronary care units.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)614-20
Number of pages7
JournalHeart
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999

Keywords

  • Cardiac markers
  • Triage
  • chest pain
  • RISK STRATIFICATION

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