Validation of a brief measure of aggression for experience sampling research: The Aggression-ES-A

Aja Louise Murray, Manuel Eisner, Denis Ribeaud, Tom Booth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) holds significant potential within aggression research. It affords researchers the possibility of collecting data in ecological context, in near real time. However, there is a lack of measures of aggression that have been developed and validated for use in EMA contexts. In this study we report on the validation of a measure specifically designed to address this need: the Aggression-ES-A. Building on a previous pilot study, we evaluate the within- and between-person reliability, nomological net and associations with a validated trait measure of aggression of the Aggression-ES-A in a sample of N=255 emerging adults from the Zurich Project on Social Development from Childhood to Adulthood (z-proso). Using multi-level confirmatory factor analysis (ML-CFA) and structural equation modeling (ML-SEM), we found support for the factorial validity, reliability, and concurrent validity of the Aggression-ES-A scores. Results support the use of the Aggression-ES-A in EMA studies utilising community-ascertained samples.
Original languageEnglish
Early online date1 Dec 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Dec 2020


  • ecological momentary assessment
  • experience sampling
  • multi-level confirmatory factor analysis
  • aggression
  • psychometric


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