Validation of heart rate spot-check protocol to measure circadian variation and heart rate in healthy dogs and dogs with atrial fibrillation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

INTRODUCTION: Alternatives for out-of-clinic heart rate (HR) measurement are required to optimize management of atrial fibrillation (AF) in dogs. Additionally, the presence of circadian variation (CV) in HR in pet dogs remains unknown. We aimed to identify the number and duration of spot-checks required for an accurate estimation of 24-h HR in canine AF. Circadian variation in HR was examined in healthy dogs and dogs with AF, and spot-check-derived HR was compared with a CV-derived gold standard.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ambulatory electrocardiogram data from healthy dogs and dogs with AF were retrospectively analysed. Heart rate was calculated from the entire recording and pre-defined periods (spot-checks) of 1 h to 30 and 60 s in duration. Circadian variation in HR was determined by cosinor analysis. Bias and limits of agreement (LOA) of means and median HR with mesor HR were determined by correlation and Bland-Altman analysis.

RESULTS: Circadian variation in HR was identified in 18/22 healthy dogs and 14/21 AF dogs but only on ambulatory electrocardiogram recordings. Four-hourly spot-checks provided the most accurate estimate of mesor HR in healthy dogs (bias of the median over 30 s 7.70, LOA 7.48), whereas, in dogs with AF, 4, 6 and 8-hourly spot-checks provided reliable estimates of mesor HR (bias within -1.29 and -29.5).

CONCLUSIONS: Four, 6 and 8-hourly HR spot-checks can estimate 24-hourly HR in dogs with AF. There was CV in HR in most healthy pet dogs and dogs with AF. Spot-check protocols cannot identify CV in HR.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-54
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Veterinary Cardiology
Volume43
Early online date1 Aug 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Arrhythmia
  • Canine
  • Cosinor analysis
  • Holter

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