Validation of the Violent Ideations Scale (VIS) in Spain

Carlota Urruela*, Ana M. Greco, Diego A. Díaz-Faes, Izabela Zych, Noemí Pereda, Manuel Eisner, Denis Ribeaud, Aja Louise Murray

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Research has shown that violent ideations (VIs) may play a key role in aggression and violence. However, there is no tool to measure this construct adapted to the Spanish language so far. The current study aims to translate and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Violent Ideations Scale (VIS) in European Spanish. This study counts with a convenience sample of 752 native Spaniards or Spanish speakers residing in Spain, between 18- and 75-years old, 53% identified as female and 47% identified as male. The dimensionality, gender measurement invariance, concurrent validity and reliability of scores were assessed. Initial evidence of external validity was collected. Results confirmed the unidimensionality of the instrument. Measurement invariance held across females and males and reliabilities were high. VIS-ES scores correlated with aggressive behavior during the previous month. The VIS-ES seems suitable for use in non-clinical Spanish speaking samples.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Early online date16 Jan 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Jan 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • aggression
  • psychometric properties
  • reliability
  • violence
  • violent ideation


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