Value of probiotics in canine and feline gastroenterology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The current definition of probiotics was established by the Food and Agriculture Orga-nization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization in 2001 and 20021and amended by the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebioticsin 2014,2and states that probiotics are “live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host”. Unfortunately, the label“ probiotic” is often misused as an umbrella term and applied to products that do not meet this strict definition.3In a further attempt to clarify what constitutes a probiotic, a newly created “probiotic framework”2separates live microbes used as pro-cessing aids or those in naturally fermented foods from those administered primarilyfor their health benefits (Fig. 1). It also dictates that, until any micro-organisms orgut commensals are isolated, characterized and their health effects are convincinglydemonstrated, they are not truly probiotics.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice
Early online date11 Nov 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Nov 2020


  • Synbiotics
  • Prebiotics
  • Probiotics
  • Gastrointestinal
  • Microbiota
  • Chronic enteropathy
  • Inflammatory bowel disease


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