Variable exon usage of differentially-expressed genes associated with resistance of sheep to Teladorsagia circumcincta

Hazel Wilkie, Siyang Xu, Anton Gossner, John Hopkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The resistance and susceptibility of sheep to the common abomasal nematode parasite, Teladorsagia circumcincta is strongly associated with the differential polarization of the immune response. Resistant animals control larval colonization by the production of a protective antibody response regulated by Th2 T cells. Susceptible sheep respond to infection by developing an inflammatory Th1/Th17 response that fails to control infection. Previous microarray analysis identified genes associated with T cell polarization that were differentially expressed between the resistant and susceptible sheep. RT-qPCR confirmed the microarray data for ALOX15 and IL13. Both ALOX15 exon 9 and IL13 exon 4 were significantly increased in resistant animals and copy number RT-qPCR showed that expression levels of these exons were significantly negatively correlated with quantitative phenotypic traits, including abomasal worm counts and faecal egg counts. Sequencing of the intronic regions 5' to these genes failed to identify any potential genetic links to differential exon usage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-213
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume212
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2015

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