Variants near CHRNA3/5 and APOE have age- and sex-related effects on human lifespan

Peter K Joshi, Krista Fischer, Katharina E Schraut, Harry Campbell, Tõnu Esko, James F Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Lifespan is a trait of enormous personal interest. Research into the biological basis of human lifespan, however, is hampered by the long time to death. Using a novel approach of regressing (272,081) parental lifespans beyond age 40 years on participant genotype in a new large data set (UK Biobank), we here show that common variants near the apolipoprotein E and nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha 5 genes are associated with lifespan. The effects are strongly sex and age dependent, with APOE ɛ4 differentially influencing maternal lifespan (P=4.2 × 10−15, effect −1.24 years of maternal life per imputed risk allele in parent; sex difference, P=0.011), and a locus near CHRNA3/5 differentially affecting paternal lifespan (P=4.8 × 10−11, effect −0.86 years per allele; sex difference P=0.075). Rare homozygous carriers of the risk alleles at both loci are predicted to have 3.3–3.7 years shorter lives.
Original languageEnglish
Article number11174
Number of pages7
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2016


Dive into the research topics of 'Variants near CHRNA3/5 and APOE have age- and sex-related effects on human lifespan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
  • Croatia Programme Funds

    Wilson, J.



    Project: Research

Cite this