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This paper explores the syntax of agreement in Insular Scandinavian in copular clauses with two potential goals for agreement. Data from three production experiments—one in Faroese and two in Icelandic— establish several new facts. First, in both languages agreement with the second nominal (DP2) is possible/preferred. Second, there is considerable variation (both within and between languages, and indeed speakers) in the patterns observed. Third, Icelandic shows a surprising pat- tern of “partial” agreement with DP2—agreement in number but not person. We discuss the implications for current theorising about agreement, proposing that in these languages, at least, agreement is downwards, and that the available agreement options depend in part on the syntactic position of DP1 when agreement is established.
|Title of host publication||Syntactic Variation in Insular Scandinavian|
|Editors||Höskuldur Thráinsson, Caroline Heycock, Hjalmar P. Petersen, Zakaris Svabo Hansen|
|Place of Publication||Amsterdam|
|Number of pages||42|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
|Name||Studies in Germanic Linguistics|
- copular clauses
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- 1 Finished
1/08/15 → 31/12/17
- School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences - Personal Chair in Syntax
Person: Academic: Research Active