Variation in the Scottish BIT vowel: Comparing two corpora

Lauren Hall-Lew, Zuzana Elliott Slosarova, Jessica Göbel, Claire Cowie, Nina Markl

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract / Description of output

We analyse variation in the Scottish BIT vowel as produced by men from different birth years and social classes. An analysis of two Edinburgh-based speech corpora allows for a comparison of white Scottish men born between 1899 and 1996. The results indicate that BIT may be raising over time among New Middle Class and Working Class speakers. However, the conclusion is complicated by differences between the two corpora, including recording technology, addressee, register, and topic. These are just as likely to account for the patterns in BIT F1 found with respect to corpora and social class group. The paper calls for further work on the social and stylistic differences between corpora used in real time studies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 20th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
EditorsRadek Skarnitzl, Jan Volín
Place of PublicationPrague
PublisherGuarant International
ISBN (Electronic)9788090811423
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2023
Event20th International Conference of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS) - Prague Congress Centre, Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 7 Aug 202311 Aug 2023


Conference20th International Conference of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS)
Abbreviated titleICPhS 2023
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic
Internet address

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • sociophonics
  • social class
  • style
  • vowels


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