BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We compared compliance with standards of acute stroke care between 6 European audits and identified factors associated with delivery of appropriate care.
METHODS: Data were derived from stroke audits in Germany, Poland, Scotland, Catalonia, Sweden, and England/Wales/Northern-Ireland participating within the European Implementation Score (EIS) collaboration. Associations between demographic and clinical characteristics with adherence to predefined quality indicators were investigated by hierarchical logistic regression analyses.
RESULTS: In 2007/2008 data from 329 122 patients with stroke were documented. Substantial variations in adherence to quality indicators were found; older age was associated with a lower probability of receiving thrombolytic therapy, anticoagulant therapy, or stroke unit treatment and a higher probability of being tested for dysphagia. Women were less likely to receive anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy or stroke unit treatment. No major weekend effect was found.
CONCLUSIONS: Detected variations in performance of acute stroke services were found. Differences in adherence to quality indicators might indicate population subgroups with specific needs for improving care delivery.