Vascular bed-targeted in vivo gene delivery using tropism-modified adeno-associated viruses

Lorraine M Work, Hildegard Büning, Ela Hunt, Stuart A Nicklin, Laura Denby, Nicola Britton, Kristen Leike, Margarete Odenthal, Uta Drebber, Michael Hallek, Andrew H Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Virus-mediated gene delivery is restricted by the infectivity profile of the chosen vector. Targeting the vascular endothelium via systemic delivery has been attempted using peptides isolated in vitro (using either phage or vector display) and implicit reliance on target receptor expression in vivo. This has limited application since endothelial cells in vitro and in vivo differ vastly in receptor profiles and because of the existence of complex endothelial "zip codes" in vivo. We therefore tested whether in vivo phage display combined with adeno-associated virus (AAV) capsid modifications would allow in vivo homing to the endothelium residing in defined organs. Extensive in vivo biopanning in rats identified four consensus peptides homing to the lung or brain. Each was incorporated into the VP3 region of the AAV-2 capsid to display the peptide at the virion surface. Peptides that conferred heparan independence were shown to retarget virus to the expected vascular bed in vivo in a preferential manner, determined 28 days post-systemic injection by both virion DNA and transgene expression profiling. Our findings significantly impact the design of viral vectors for targeting individual vascular beds in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-93
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Therapy
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006

Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Capsid
  • Capsid Proteins
  • Consensus Sequence
  • DNA, Viral
  • Dependovirus
  • Endothelium, Vascular
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Transfer Techniques
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Heparitin Sulfate
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Lac Operon
  • Liver
  • Male
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Peptide Library
  • Peptides
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred WKY
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Time Factors
  • Transgenes
  • Virion

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