Vascular variant of prion protein cerebral amyloidosis with tau-positive neurofibrillary tangles: the phenotype of the stop codon 145 mutation in PRNP

B Ghetti, P Piccardo, M G Spillantini, Y Ichimiya, M Porro, F Perini, T Kitamoto, J Tateishi, C Seiler, B Frangione, O Bugiani, G Giaccone, F Prelli, M Goedert, S R Dlouhy, F Tagliavini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Deposition of PrP amyloid in cerebral vessels in conjunction with neurofibrillary lesions is the neuropathologic hallmark of the dementia associated with a stop mutation at codon 145 of PRNP, the gene encoding the prion protein (PrP). In this disorder, the vascular amyloid in tissue sections and the approximately 7.5-kDa fragment extracted from amyloid are labeled by antibodies to epitopes located in the PrP sequence including amino acids 90-147. Amyloid-laden vessels are also labeled by antibodies against the C terminus, suggesting that PrP from the normal allele is involved in the pathologic process. Abundant neurofibrillary lesions are present in the cerebral gray matter. They are composed of paired helical filaments, are labeled with antibodies that recognize multiple phosphorylation sites in tau protein, and are similar to those observed in Alzheimer disease. A PrP cerebral amyloid angiopathy has not been reported in diseases caused by PRNP mutations or in human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies; we propose to name this phenotype PrP cerebral amyloid angiopathy (PrP-CAA).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)744-8
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume93
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 1996

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Amyloid
  • Blood Vessels
  • Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy
  • Cerebral Cortex
  • Dementia
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Mutation
  • Neurons
  • Phenotype
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
  • Prions

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Vascular variant of prion protein cerebral amyloidosis with tau-positive neurofibrillary tangles: the phenotype of the stop codon 145 mutation in PRNP'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this