Viruses and microRNAs: a toolbox for systematic analysis

Diana Lieber, Juergen Haas

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review


RNA silencing is emerging as a novel layer of regulation of virus-host interaction. Since individual small RNAs can probably repress dozens if not hundreds of target mRNA molecules, and transcripts, on the other hand, may be recognized by multiple regulatory small RNAs, a dense and complex interaction network of microRNAs (miRNAs) and their targets arises. A comprehensive analysis of miRNA functions thus not only requires systematic approaches employing high-throughput technologies but also calls for the development of improved experimental technologies and a profound bioinformatic analysis. Integration of complementary approaches will enhance our understanding of the mutual regulation of virus and host. Focusing on herpesviruses, we here describe currently available technologies and summarize present results obtained by high-throughput approaches. These techniques can be broadly applied to other virus families and pathways employing other classes of small regulatory RNAs and therefore are powerful universal tools for research on virus-host interaction. (c) 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. WIREs RNA 2011 2 787-801 DOI: 10.1002/wrna.92

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)787-801
Number of pages15
JournalWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: RNA
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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