Intrinsic alignments of galaxies can mimic to an extent the effects of shear caused by weak gravitational lensing. Previous studies have shown that for shallow surveys with median redshifts z (m) similar to 0.1, the intrinsic alignment dominates the lensing signal. For deep surveys with z (m) similar to 1, intrinsic alignments are believed to be a significant contaminant of the lensing signal, preventing high-precision measurements of the matter power spectrum. In this paper we show how distance information, either spectroscopic or photometric redshifts, can be used to downweight nearby pairs in an optimized way, to reduce the errors in the shear signal arising from intrinsic alignments. Provided a conservatively large intrinsic alignment is assumed, the optimized weights will essentially remove all traces of contamination. For the Sloan spectroscopic galaxy sample, residual shot noise continues to render it unsuitable for weak lensing studies. However, a dramatic improvement for the slightly deeper Sloan photometric survey is found, whereby the intrinsic contribution, at angular scales greater than 1 arcmin, is reduced from about 80 times the lensing signal to a 10 per cent effect. For deeper surveys such as the COMBO-17 survey with z (m) similar to 0.6, the optimization reduces the error from a largely systematic similar to220 per cent error at small angular scales to a much smaller and largely statistical error of only 17 per cent of the expected lensing signal. We therefore propose that future weak lensing surveys be accompanied by the acquisition of photometric redshifts, in order to remove fully the unknown intrinsic alignment errors from weak lensing detections.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2003|
- cosmology : observations
- gravitational lensing
- galaxies : formation
- large-scale structure of Universe