Estrogen action is mediated via two subtypes of the estrogen receptor (ER), usually referred to as ERalpha and ERbeta. We have previously compared the spatial and temporal expressions of ERalpha and ERbeta proteins in human endometrium and reported that endothelial cells exclusively express ERbeta. In the present study we have extended our investigations to compare the pattern of expression of wild-type (ERbeta1) and a newly identified ERbeta variant isoform (ERbetacx/beta2) that lacks the ability to bind steroids. mRNAs encoding both ERbeta1 and ERbetacx/beta2 receptors were identified in human endometrial extracts by RT-PCR. Quantitative TaqMan R-TPCR demonstrated that levels of total mRNAs were increased significantly premenstrually as circulating progesterone levels declined. ERbeta1 and ERbetacx/beta2 proteins were identified within multiple cell types within the endometrium using isotype-specific monoclonal antibodies; immunoexpression of ERbetacx/beta2 appeared less intense than that of ERbeta1 in endometrial glandular epithelium and endothelial cells. Immunoexpression of ERbeta1 appeared unchanged throughout the menstrual cycle. In contrast, levels of ERbetacx/beta2-specific immunoreactivity were specifically reduced in gland cells within the functional layer, but not in those of the basal layer, in the midsecretory phase. It is possible that coexpression of ERbetacx/beta2 in cells containing ERbeta1 and/or ERalpha may modulate the effects of estrogens on the endometrium.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|