Women, peace negotiations, and peace agreements: Opportunities and challenges

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


Peace agreements, seeking to end conflict and establish a road map for the future, have significant effects on women's lives, yet historically women have been absent from peace processes. This chapter examines obstacles that often limit women's involvement in peace negotiations, despite the creation of an international framework that supports the inclusion of women in such processes. The chapter reviews the pragmatic opportunities and challenges for women in the pre-negotiation stage, the framework development/substantive stage, and the implementation/renegotiation stage. Among the challenges addressed are issues of access and power within negotiating spaces. The chapter describes instances where women have successfully participated in peace negotiations, and offers three directions for future growth: further involvement of women in negotiations; using a gender perspective in all aspects of the substantive agreement; and developing a long-term commitment to sustaining peace. © Oxford University Press 2018. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict
EditorsFionnuala Ní Aoláin, Naomi Cahn, Dina Francesca Haynes, Nahla Valji
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780199300983
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Dec 2017


  • peace process
  • peace negotiation
  • peace agreement
  • women
  • gender


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