Working towards integration of personality structure, process, and development

Anna Baumert, Manfred Schmitt, Marco Perugini, Wendy Johnson, Gabriela Blum, Peter Borkenau, Giulio Constantini, Jaap Denissen, Will Fleeson, Ben Grafton, Eranda Jayawickreme, E. Kruzius, Colin MacLeod, Lynn Miller, Steven Read, MIchael Robinson, Brent Roberts, Dustin Wood, Cornelia Wrzus

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Based on the thoughtful and thought-provoking comments, we strengthened some of the main proposals of our framework to integrate research on personality structure, process, and development. Integration is an important, yet challenging goal for personality science, and we see considerable potential for it, theoretically and in empirical research. We clarified our use of critical concepts, such as behaviour, trait, and personality structure. We suggest that avoiding use of broadly construed traits will be helpful in preventing circularity in explanations. Strictly speaking, we see no causal role for broadly construed traits. We discuss how observed structural differences between measures taken over different time scales or within and between individuals, can inform hypotheses about shared and unique causal mechanisms, and argue for the unique relevance of psychological processes in personality science.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-595
JournalEuropean Journal of Personality
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2017


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