Abstract / Description of output
We introduce a space of distributional 1-forms Ω1α on the torus T2 for which holonomies along axis paths are well-defined and induce Hölder continuous functions on line segments. We show that there exists an Ω1α-valued random variable A for which Wilson loop observables of axis paths coincide in law with the corresponding observables under the Yang–Mills measure in the sense of Lévy (Mem Am Math Soc 166(790), 2003). It holds furthermore that Ω1α embeds into the Hölder–Besov space Cα−1 for all α∈(0,1), so that A has the correct small scale regularity expected from perturbation theory. Our method is based on a Landau-type gauge applied to lattice approximations.