Edinburgh Research Explorer

Prof Andrew Leigh-Brown

Professor of Evolutionary Genetics

  1. 2020
  2. Pervasive and non-random recombination in near full-length HIV genomes from Uganda

    Grant, H., Hodcroft, E., Ssemwanga, D., Kitayimbwa, J., Yebra, G., Esquivel Gomez, L. R., Frampton, D., Gall, A., Kellam, P., de Oliveira, T., Bbosa, N., Nsubuga, R. N., Kibengo, F., Kwan, T. H., Lycett, S., Kao, R., Robertson, D., Ratmann, O., Fraser, C., Pillay, D. & 2 others, Kaleebu, P. & Leigh-Brown, A., 2 Jan 2020, (Accepted/In press) In : Virus Evolution.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. 2019
  4. Inferring HIV-1 transmission networks and sources of epidemic spread in Africa with deep-sequence phylogenetic analysis

    Ratmann, O., Grabowski, M. K., Hall, M., Golubchik, T., Wymant, C., Abeler-Dörner, L., Bonsall, D., Hoppe, A., Brown, A. L., de Oliveira, T., Gall, A., Kellam, P., Pillay, D., Kagaayi, J., Kigozi, G., Quinn, T. C., Wawer, M. J., Laeyendecker, O., Serwadda, D., Gray, R. H. & 1 others, Fraser, C., 29 Mar 2019, In : Nature Communications. 10, 1411.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Phylogeography of HIV-1 suggests that Ugandan fishing communities are a sink for, not a source of, virus from general populations

    Bbosa, N., Ssemwanga, D., Nsubuga, R. N., Salazar-Gonzalez, J. F., Salazar, M. G., Nanyonjo, M., Kuteesa, M., Seeley, J., Kiwanuka, N., Bagaya, B. S., Yebra, G., Leigh-Brown, A. & Kaleebu, P., 31 Jan 2019, In : Scientific Reports. 9, 1, 8 p., 1051.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  6. HIV-1 DNA is Maintained in Antigen-Specific CD4+ T Cell Subsets in Patients on Long-Term Antiretroviral Therapy Regardless of Recurrent Antigen Exposure

    Hey-Nguyen, W., Bailey, M., Xu, Y., Suzuki, K., van Bockel, D., Finlayson, R., Leigh Brown, A., Carr, A., Cooper, D. A., Kelleher, A. D., Koelsch, K. K. & Zaunders, J., 11 Jan 2019, In : Aids research and human retroviruses. 35, 1, p. 112-120 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  7. 2018
  8. Non-disclosed men who have sex with men in UK HIV transmission networks: phylogenetic analysis of surveillance data

    Ragonnet-Cronin, M., Hué, S., Hodcroft, E. B., Tostevin, A., Dunn, D., Fawcett, T., Pozniak, A., Brown, A. E., Delpech, V. & Leigh-Brown, A., 1 Jun 2018, In : Lancet HIV. 5, 6, p. e309–e316

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  9. Recent and rapid transmission of HIV among people who inject drugs in Scotland revealed through phylogenetic analysis

    Ragonnet-Cronin, M., Jackson, C., Bradley-Stewart, A., Aitken, C., McAuley, A., Palmateer, N., Gunson, R., Goldberg, D. J., Milosevic, C. & Leigh Brown, A. J., 10 Apr 2018, In : The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 217, 12, p. 1875-1882 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  10. A high HIV-1 strain variability in London, UK, revealed by full-genome analysis: Results from the ICONIC project

    Yebra, G., Frampton, D., Gallo Cassarino, T., Raffle, J., Hubb, J., Ferns, R. B., Waters, L., Tong, C. Y. W., Kozlakidis, Z., Hayward, A., Kellam, P., Pillay, D., Clark, D. A., Nastouli, E., Leigh Brown, A. J. & ICONIC Consortium, 1 Feb 2018, In : PLoS ONE. 13, 2, p. e0192081

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  11. HIV-TRACE (Transmission Cluster Engine): a tool for large scale molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 and other rapidly evolving pathogens

    Kosakovsky Pond, S. L., Weaver, S., Leigh Brown, A. J. & Wertheim, J. O., 31 Jan 2018, In : Molecular Biology and Evolution. 16 p., msy016.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  12. 2017
  13. Recent trends and patterns in HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance in the United Kingdom

    Tostevin, A., White, E., Dunn, D., Croxford, S., Delpech, V., Williams, I., Asboe, D., Pozniak, A., Churchill, D., Geretti, A., Pillay, D., Sabin, C., Leigh-Brown, A. & Smit, E., Mar 2017, In : HIV Medicine.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  14. Quantifying predictors for the spatial diffusion of avian influenza virus in China

    Lu, L., Leigh-Brown, A. & Lycett, S., 13 Jan 2017, In : BMC Evolutionary Biology. 17, 1, 16.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  15. Phylogenetic Tools for Generalized HIV-1 Epidemics: Findings from the PANGEA-HIV Methods Comparison

    Ratmann, O., Hodcroft, E., Pickles, M., Cori, A., Hall, M., Lycett, S., Colijn, C., Leigh Brown, A. & Fraser, C., Jan 2017, In : Molecular Biology and Evolution. 34, 10, p. 185-203 31 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  16. 2016
  17. Reconstructing the HIV-1 CRF02_AG and CRF06_cpx Epidemics in Burkina Faso and West Africa using early samples

    Yebra, G., Kalish, M. L. & Leigh Brown, A. J., Dec 2016, In : Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 46, p. 209-218 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  18. A Direct Comparison of Two Densely Sampled HIV Epidemics: The UK and Switzerland

    Ragonnet-Cronin, M. L., Shilaih, M., Günthard, H. F., Hodcroft, E. B., Böni, J., Fearnhill, E., Dunn, D., Yerly, S., Klimkait, T., Aubert, V., Yang, W-L., Brown, A. E., Lycett, S. J., Kouyos, R. & Leigh Brown, A., 19 Sep 2016, In : Scientific Reports. 6, 32251.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  19. 2015
  20. Transmission of non-B HIV subtypes in the UK is increasingly driven by large non-heterosexual clusters

    Ragonnet-Cronin, M., Lycett, S., Hodcroft, E., Hué, S., Fearnhill, E., Brown, A. E., Delpech, V., Dunn, D., Leigh Brown, A. J. & UK HIV Drug Resistance Database, 23 Dec 2015, In : The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 213, 9, p. 1410-1418

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  21. Analysis of the History and Spread of HIV-1 in Uganda using phylodynamics

    Yebra, G., Ragonnet-Cronin, M., Ssemwanga, D., Parry, C. M., Logue, C. H., Cane, P. A., Kaleebu, P. & Leigh-Brown, A. J., 1 Jul 2015, In : Journal of General Virology. 96, p. 1890–1898

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  22. PANGEA-HIV: phylogenetics for generalised epidemics in Africa

    Pillay, D., Herbeck, J., Cohen, M. S., de Oliveira, T., Fraser, C., Ratmann, O., Brown, A. L., Kellam, P. & PANGEA-HIV Consortium, Mar 2015, In : The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 15, 3, p. 259-61 3 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

  23. 2014
  24. Phylogenetic studies of transmission dynamics in generalized HIV epidemics: An essential tool where the burden is greatest?

    Dennis, A. M., Herbeck, J. T., Leigh Brown, A., Kellam, P., de Oliveira, T., Pillay, D., Fraser, C. & Cohen, M. S., 1 Oct 2014, In : Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 67, 2, p. 181-95 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  25. Determining the Phylogenetic and Phylogeographic Origin of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H7N3) in Mexico

    Lu, L., Lycett, S. J. & Leigh Brown, A. J., 16 Sep 2014, In : PLoS ONE. 9, 9, 13 p., e107330.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  26. Intercontinental dispersal of HIV-1 subtype B associated with transmission among men who have sex with men in Japan

    Takebe, Y., Naito, Y., Raghwani, J., Fearnhill, E., Sano, T., Kusagawa, S., Mbisa, J. L., Zhang, H., Matano, T., Leigh-Brown, A., Pybus, O. G., Dunn, D., Kondo, M. & UK Collaborative Group on HIV Drug Resistance, 1 Sep 2014, In : Journal of Virology. 88, 17, p. 9864-76 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  27. Phylogenetic analyses reveal HIV-1 infections between men misclassified as heterosexual transmissions

    Hué, S., Brown, A. E., Ragonnet-Cronin, M., Lycett, S. J., Dunn, D. T., Fearnhill, E., Dolling, D. I., Pozniak, A., Pillay, D., Delpech, V. C. & Leigh Brown, A. J., 24 Aug 2014, In : AIDS. 28, 13, p. 1967-75 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  28. The Contribution of Viral Genotype to Plasma Viral Set-Point in HIV Infection

    Hodcroft, E., Hadfield, J. D., Fearnhill, E., Phillips, A., Dunn, D., O'Shea, S., Pillay, D., Leigh Brown, A. J. & on behalf of the UK HIV Drug Resistance Database and the UK CHIC Study, May 2014, In : Plos Pathogens. 10, 5, e1004112.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  29. Dynamics of the emergence and establishment of a newly dominant genotype of Japanese encephalitis virus throughout Asia

    Schuh, A. J., Ward, M. J., Leigh Brown, A. J. & Barrett, A. D. T., 5 Feb 2014, In : Journal of Virology.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  30. Reassortment patterns of avian influenza virus internal segments among different subtypes

    Lu, L., Lycett, S. J. & Leigh Brown, A. J., 24 Jan 2014, In : BMC Evolutionary Biology. 14, 1, 15 p., 16.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  31. Novel HIV-1 Recombinants Spreading across Multiple Risk Groups in the United Kingdom: The Identification and Phylogeography of Circulating Recombinant Form (CRF) 50_A1D

    Foster, G. M., Ambrose, J. C., Hué, S., Delpech, V. C., Fearnhill, E., Abecasis, A. B., Leigh Brown, A. J., Geretti, A. M. & UK HIV Drug Resistance Database, 15 Jan 2014, In : PLoS ONE. 9, 1, e83337.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  32. The global transmission network of HIV-1

    Wertheim, J. O., Leigh Brown, A. J., Hepler, N. L., Mehta, S. R., Richman, D. D., Smith, D. M. & Kosakovsky Pond, S. L., 15 Jan 2014, In : The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 209, 2, p. 304-13 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  33. 2013
  34. The evolutionary dynamics of influenza A virus adaptation to mammalian hosts

    Bhatt, S., Lam, T. T., Lycett, S. J., Leigh Brown, A. J., Bowden, T. A., Holmes, E. C., Guan, Y., Wood, J. L. N., Brown, I. H., Kellam, P., Pybus, O. G. & Combating Swine Influenza Consortium, Mar 2013, In : Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 368, 1614, 20120382.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  35. Estimating the rate of intersubtype recombination in early HIV-1 group M strains

    Ward, M. J., Lycett, S. J., Kalish, M. L., Rambaut, A. & Leigh Brown, A., Feb 2013, In : Journal of Virology. 87, 4, p. 1967-1973 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  36. Automated analysis of phylogenetic clusters

    Ragonnet-Cronin, M., Hodcroft, E., Hué, S., Fearnhill, E., Delpech, V., Leigh Brown, A., Lycett, S. & UK HIV Drug Resistance Database, 2013, In : BMC Bioinformatics. 14, 317.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  37. Evolutionary interactions between haemagglutinin and neuraminidase in avian influenza

    Ward, M. J., Lycett, S. J., Avila, D., Bollback, J. P. & Leigh Brown, A. J., 2013, In : BMC Evolutionary Biology. 13, 222.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  38. Phylogeography of Japanese encephalitis virus: genotype is associated with climate

    Schuh, A. J., Ward, M. J., Leigh Brown, A. & Barrett, A. D. T., 2013, In : PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 7, 8, e2411.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  39. 2012
  40. Simple Epidemiological Dynamics Explain Phylogenetic Clustering of HIV from Patients with Recent Infection

    Volz, E. M., Koopman, J. S., Ward, M. J., Brown, A. L. & Frost, S. D. W., 28 Jun 2012, In : PLoS Computational Biology. 8, 6, e1002552.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  41. Origin and Fate of A/H1N1 Influenza in Scotland during 2009

    Lycett, S., McLeish, N. J., Robertson, C., Carman, W., Baillie, G., McMenamin, J., Rambaut, A., Simmonds, P., Woolhouse, M. & Leigh Brown, A. J., Jun 2012, In : Journal of General Virology. 93, 6, p. 1253-1260 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  42. Immune responses in pigs vaccinated with adjuvanted and non-adjuvanted A(H1N1)pdm/09 influenza vaccines used in human immunization programmes

    Lefevre, E. A., Carr, B. V., Inman, C. F., Prentice, H., Brown, I. H., Brookes, S. M., Garcon, F., Hill, M. L., Iqbal, M., Elderfield, R. A., Barclay, W. S., Gubbins, S., Bailey, M., Charleston, B., COSI, Leigh Brown, A., Woolhouse, M. & Archibald, A., 9 Mar 2012, In : PLoS ONE. 7, 3, p. e32400

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  43. Estimating reassortment rates in co-circulating Eurasian swine influenza viruses

    Combating Swine Influenza Initiative (COSI) Consortium, 2012, In : Journal of General Virology. 93, 11, p. 2326-2336

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  44. The HIV Epidemic: High-Income Countries

    Vermund, SH. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 2012, In : Cold spring harbor perspectives in medicine. 2, 5

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  45. Time trends in drug resistant HIV-1 infections in the United Kingdom up to 2009: multicentre observational study

    Dolling, D., Sabin, C., Delpech, V., Smit, E., Pozniak, A., Asboe, D., Brown, A. L., Churchill, D., Williams, I., Geretti, A. M., Phillips, A., Mackie, N., Murphy, G., Castro, H., Pillay, D., Cane, P., Dunn, D. & UK Collaborative Group on HIV Drug Resistance, 2012, In : BMJ. 345, p. e5253

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  46. 2011
  47. Transmission Network Parameters Estimated From HIV Sequences for a Nationwide Epidemic

    Leigh Brown, A. J., Lycett, S. J., Weinert, L., Hughes, G. J., Fearnhill, E. & Dunn, D. T., Nov 2011, In : The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 204, 9, p. 1463-1469 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  48. Sero-Prevalence and Incidence of A/H1N1 2009 Influenza Infection in Scotland in Winter 2009-2010

    McLeish, N. J., Simmonds, P., Robertson, C., Handel, I., McGilchrist, M., Singh, B. K., Kerr, S., Chase-Topping, M. E., Sinka, K., Bronsvoort, M., Porteous, D. J., Carman, W., McMenamin, J., Leigh-Brown, A. & Woolhouse, M. E. J., 8 Jun 2011, In : PLoS ONE. 6, 6, p. - 8 p., e20358.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  49. 2009
  50. Phylodynamics of Infectious Disease Epidemics

    Volz, E. M., Pond, S. L. K., Ward, M. J., Leigh Brown, A. J. & Frost, S. D. W., Dec 2009, In : Genetics. 183, 4, p. 1421-1430 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  51. Detection of Mammalian Virulence Determinants in Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Viruses: Multivariate Analysis of Published Data

    Lycett, S. J., Ward, M. J., Lewis, F. I., Poon, A. F. Y., Pond, S. L. K. & Leigh Brown, A., Oct 2009, In : Journal of Virology. 83, 19, p. 9901-9910 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  52. Molecular Phylodynamics of the Heterosexual HIV Epidemic in the United Kingdom

    Hughes, G. J., Fearnhill, E., Dunn, D., Lycett, S. J., Rambaut, A. & Leigh Brown, A. J., Sep 2009, In : Plos Pathogens. 5, 9, 8 p., e1000590.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  53. An Evolutionary Model-Based Algorithm for Accurate Phylogenetic Breakpoint Mapping and Subtype Prediction in HIV-1

    Pond, S. L. K., Posada, D., Stawiski, E., Chappey, C., Poon, A. F. Y., Hughes, G., Fearnhill, E., Gravenor, M. B., Leigh Brown, A. J. & Frost, S. D. W., 2009, In : PLoS Computational Biology. 5, 11, p. 1-21 21 p., e1000581.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  54. 2008
  55. A maximum likelihood method for detecting directional evolution in protein sequences and its application to influenza a virus

    Pond, S. L. K., Poon, A. F. Y., Leigh Brown, A. J. & Frost, S. D. W., Oct 2008, In : Molecular Biology and Evolution. 25, 9, p. 1809-1824 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  56. Genetic basis of variation in tenofovir drug susceptibility in HIV-1

    Murray, R. J., Lewis, F. I., Miller, M. D. & Leigh Brown, A. J., Jun 2008, In : AIDS. 22, 10, p. 1113-1123 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  57. Episodic sexual transmission of HIV revealed by molecular phylodynamics

    Lewis, F., Hughes, G. J., Rambaut, A., Pozniak, A. & Leigh Brown, A. J., Mar 2008, In : PLOS Medicine. 5, 3, p. 0392-0402 11 p., e50.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  58. Estimating selection pressures on HIV-1 using phylogenetic likelihood models

    Pond, S. L. K., Poon, A. F. Y., Zarate, S., Smith, D. M., Little, S. J., Pillai, S. K., Ellis, R. J., Wong, J. K., Leigh Brown, A., Richman, D. D. & Frost, S. D. W., 2008, In : STATISTICS IN MEDICINE. 27, 23, SI, p. 4779-4789 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  59. 2007
  60. Adaptation to human populations is revealed by within-host polymorphisms in HIV-1 and hepatitis C virus

    Poon, A. F. Y., Pond, S. L. K., Bennett, P., Richman, D. D., Leigh Brown, A. J. & Frost, S. D. W., Apr 2007, In : Plos Pathogens. 3, 3

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  61. Evidence of a decline in transmitted HIV-1 drug resistance in the United Kingdom

    Burns, S., Cameron, S., Cane, P., Down, P., Chrystie, I., Churchill, D., Delpech, V., Pillay, D., Dunn, D., Fearnhill, E., Green, H., Porter, K., Easterbrook, P., Zuckerman, M., Geretti, A. M., Gifford, R., Kellam, P., Phillips, A., Sabin, C., Goldberg, D. & 32 others, Gompels, M., Hale, A., Kaye, S., Leigh Brown, A., Orkin, C., Pozniak, A., Robb, G., Smit, E., Tilston, P., Williams, I., Ainsworth, J., Anderson, J., Babiker, A., Fisher, M., Gazzard, B., Gilson, R., Hill, T., Johnson, M., Leen, C., Sadiq, T., Schwenk, A., Walsh, J., Brettle, R., Darbyshire, J., Fidler, S., Hawkins, D., Jaffe, H., Johnson, A., McLean, K., Resistance, UK. C. G. HIV. D., Comm, UK. CHIC. S. & Ste, UK. R. HIV. S., 2007, In : AIDS. 21, 8, p. 1035-1039 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  62. HIV phylogenetics: Criminal convictions relying solely on this to establish transmission are unsafe

    Pillay, D., Rambaut, A., Geretti, A. M. & Leigh Brown, A. J., 2007, In : BMJ. 335, 7618, p. 460-461 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  63. 2006
  64. Adaptation to Different Human Populations by HIV-1 Revealed by Codon-Based Analyses

    Kosakovsky Pond, S. L., Frost, S. D. W., Grossman, Z., Gravenor, M. B., Richman, D. D. & Leigh Brown, A. J., Jun 2006, In : PLoS Computational Biology. 2, 6, p. 530-538 9 p., e62.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  65. Bayesian graphical models in the analysis of HIV drug resistance data from the UK HIV Drug Resistance Database

    Lewis, F., Fearnhill, E., Murray, R., Pillay, D., Dunn, D., Leigh Brown, A. & Collaboration, UK. D. R., 2006, In : Antiviral Therapy. 11, 5

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  66. 2005
  67. Phenotypic hypersusceptibility to multiple protease inhibitors and low replicative capacity in patients who are chronically infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1

    Martinez-Picado, J., Wrin, T., Frost, SDW., Clotet, B., Ruiz, L., Leigh Brown, AJ., Petropoulos, CJ. & Parkin, NT., May 2005, In : Journal of Virology. 79, 10, p. 5907-5913 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  68. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 clade B superinfection: Evidence for differential immune containment of distinct clade B strains

    Yang, OO., Daar, ES., Jamieson, BD., Balamurugan, A., Smith, DM., Pitt, JA., Petropoulos, CJ., Richman, DD., Little, SJ. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Jan 2005, In : Journal of Virology. 79, 2, p. 860-868 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  69. Estimating HIV-1 drug resistance in antiretroviral-treated individuals in the United Kingdom

    Pillay, D., Green, H., Matthias, R., Dunn, D., Phillips, A., Sabin, C., Evans, B., Cane, P., Burns, S., Cameron, S., Chrystie, I., Churchill, D., Clarke, J., Easterbrook, P., Zuckerman, M., Goldberg, D., Gompels, M., Hale, T., Robb, G., Leigh Brown, A. & 9 others, Geretti, AM., Kellam, P., Porter, K., Orkin, C., Pozniak, A., Smit, R., Tilston, P., Williams, I. & Res, UK. C. G. HIV. D., 2005, In : The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 192, 6, p. 967-973 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  70. Long term probability of detection of HIV-1 drug resistance after starting antiretroviral therapy in routine clinical practice

    Blackham, J., Burns, S., Cameron, S., Cane, P., Chrystie, I., Churchill, D., Clarke, J., Easterbrook, P., Zuckerman, M., Goldberg, D., Gompels, M., Hale, T., Lazarus, L., Leigh Brown, A., Loveday, C., Geretti, AM., Pillay, D., Phillips, A., Sabin, C., Hill, T. & 43 others, Kellam, P., Dunn, D., Porter, K., Green, H., Matthias, R., Pozniak, A., Tilston, P., Williams, I., Babiker, A., Fisher, M., Gilson, R., Johnson, M., Mortimer, J., Peters, B., Scullard, G., Gazzard, B., Bansi, L., Smith, C., Waters, A., Crates, D., Morgan, N., Perry, N., Pullin, A., Harris, W., Bulbeck, S., Mandalia, S., Dodds, J., Fudge, N., Rider, A., Sinka, K., Evans, B., Delpech, V., Larbalestier, N., Gray, K., Youle, M., Lampe, F., Gumley, H., Chaloner, C., Puradiredja, J., Weber, J., Owens, C., Resist, UK. C. G. HIV. D. & Grp, UK. CHIC. S., 2005, In : AIDS. 19, 5, p. 487-494 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  71. Using mixtures of amino acids to detect individual- and population-level selection of HIV-1 protease

    Frost, SDW., Pond, SLK., Smith, DM., Richman, DD. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 2005, In : Antiviral Therapy. 10, 4

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  72. 2004
  73. Activation by malaria antigens renders mononuclear cells susceptible to HIV infection and re-activates replication of endogenous HIV in cells from HIV-infected adults

    Froebel, K., Howard, W., Schafer, JR., Howie, F., Whitworth, J., Kaleebu, P., Leigh Brown, AJ. & Riley, E., May 2004, In : Parasite Immunology. 26, 5, p. 213-217 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  74. Genetic basis of hypersusceptibility to protease inhibitors and low replicative capacity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 strains in primary infection

    Leigh Brown, AJ., Frost, SDW., Good, B., Daar, ES., Simon, V., Markowitz, M., Collier, AC., Connick, E., Conway, B., Margolick, JB., Routy, JP., Corbeil, J., Hellmann, NS., Richman, DD. & Little, SJ., Mar 2004, In : Journal of Virology. 78, 5, p. 2242-2246 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  75. 2003
  76. Effects of amino acid and synonymous polymorphisms in HIV-1 protease on viral fitness

    Frost, SDW., Kosakovsky Pond, S., Grossman, Z., Daar, E., Condra, J., Richman, DD., Little, SJ. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Jun 2003, In : Antiviral Therapy. 8, 3

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  77. Changing transmission fitness of drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus against a background of evolving antiretroviral therapy - Reply

    Leigh Brown, AJ., Frost, SDW., Mathews, WC., Dawson, K., Hellmann, NS., Daar, ES., Richman, DD. & Little, SJ., 2003, In : The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 188, 8, p. 1258-1259 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  78. Clade BHIV-1 superinfection with wild-type virus after primary infection with drug-resistant clade B virus

    Koelsch, KK., Smith, DM., Little, SJ., Ignacio, CC., Macaranas, TR., Leigh Brown, AJ., Petropoulos, CJ., Richman, DD. & Wong, JK., 2003, In : AIDS. 17, 7, p. F11-F16

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  79. Differences in HIV-1 pol sequences from female genital tract and blood during antiretroviral therapy

    De Pasquale, MP., Leigh Brown, AJ., Uvin, SC., Allega-Ingersoll, J., Caliendo, AM., Sutton, L., Donahue, S. & D'Aquila, RT., 2003, In : Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 34, 1, p. 37-44 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  80. Heterogeneous clearance rates of long-lived lymphocytes infected with HIV: Intrinsic stability predicts lifelong persistence

    Strain, MC., Gunthard, HF., Havlir, DV., Ignacio, CC., Smith, DM., Leigh Brown, AJ., Macaranas, TR., Lam, RY., Daly, OA., Fischer, M., Opravil, M., Levine, H., Bacheler, L., Spina, CA., Richman, DD. & Wong, JK., 2003, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 100, 8, p. 4819-4824 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  81. Transmission fitness of drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus and the prevalence of resistance in the antiretroviral-treated population

    Leigh Brown, AJ., Frost, SDW., Mathews, WC., Dawson, K., Hellmann, NS., Daar, ES., Richman, DD. & Little, SJ., 2003, In : The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 187, 4, p. 683-686 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  82. 2002
  83. Association of antiretroviral resistance genotypes with response to therapy--comparison of three models

    Nicol, M., Frost, SDW., McDonagh, S., Burns, SM., Clutterbuck, D., McMillan, A., Leen, CS. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Oct 2002, In : Antiviral Therapy. 7, 3, p. 151-157 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  84. Viral dynamics during structured treatment interruptions of chronic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection

    Frost, SDW., Martinez-Picado, J., Ruiz, L., Clotet, B. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Feb 2002, In : Journal of Virology. 76, 3, p. 968-979 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  85. An individual-based epidemiological model for the transmission of drug resistant HIV

    Leigh Brown, AJ., Frost, SD., Daar, E., Perrin, L., Richman, DD. & Little, SJ., 2002, In : Antiviral Therapy. 7, 1

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  86. Analysing the genotypic basis of hypersusceptibility to amprenavir in HIV from antiretroviral-naive patients

    Leigh Brown, AJ., Good, B., Frost, SD., Collier, AC., Connick, E., Conway, B., Daar, E., Kilby, M., Routy, JP., Margolick, JB., Markowitz, M., Dawson, K., Hellmann, N., Richman, DD. & Little, SJ., 2002, In : Antiviral Therapy. 7, 1

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  87. Human macrophages accumulate HIV-1 particles in MHC II compartments

    Raposo, G., Moore, M., Innes, D., Leijendekker, R., Leigh Brown, A., Benaroch, P. & Geuze, H., 2002, In : Traffic. 3, 10, p. 718-729 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  88. 2001
  89. Criminalisation of HIV transmission: implications for public health in Scotland

    Bird, SM. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 2001, In : BMJ. 323, 7322, p. 1174-1177 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  90. Evidence for positive selection driving the evolution of HIV-1 env under potent antiviral therapy

    Frost, SDW., Gunthard, HF., Wong, JK., Havlir, D., Richman, DD. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 2001, In : Virology. 284, 2, p. 250-258 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  91. Genetic drift and within-host metapopulation dynamics of HIV-1 infection

    Frost, SDW., Dumaurier, MJ., Wain-Hobson, S. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 2001, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 98, 12, p. 6975-6980 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  92. Mismatched human leukocyte antigen alleles protect against heterosexual HIV transmission

    Lockett, SF., Robertson, JR., Brettle, RP., Yap, PL., Middleton, D. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 2001, In : Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 27, 3, p. 277-280 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  93. Residual human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 RNA and DNA in lymph nodes and HIV RNA in genital secretions and in cerebrospinal fluid after suppression of viremia for 2 years

    Gunthard, HF., Havlir, DV., Fiscus, S., Zhang, ZQ., Eron, J., Mellors, J., Gulick, R., Frost, SDW., Leigh Brown, AJ., Schleif, W., Valentine, F., Jonas, L., Meibohm, A., Ignacio, CC., Isaacs, R., Gamagami, R., Emini, E., Haase, A., Richman, DD. & Wong, JK., 2001, In : The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 183, 9, p. 1318-1327 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  94. Soluble recombinant HTLV-1 surface glycoprotein competitively inhibits syncytia formation and viral infection of cells

    Jassal, SR., Lairmore, MD., Leigh Brown, AJ. & Brighty, DW., 2001, In : Virus Research. 78, 1-2, p. 17-34 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  95. 2000
  96. Evolution of lamivudine resistance in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected individuals: the relative roles of drift and selection

    Frost, SDW., Nijhuis, M., Schuurman, R., Boucher, CAB. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Jul 2000, In : Journal of Virology. 74, 14, p. 6262-6268 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  97. Patterns of resistance mutations selected by treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection with zidovudine, didanosine, and nevirapine

    Hanna, GJ., Johnson, VA., Kuritzkes, DR., Richman, DD., Leigh Brown, AJ., Savara, AV., Hazelwood, JD. & D'Aquila, RT., Mar 2000, In : The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 181, 3, p. 904-911 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  98. Molecular evidence for genetic mixing of Arctic and Antarctic subpolar populations of planktonic foraminifers

    Darling, K., Wade, C. M., Stewart, I. A., Kroon, D., Dingle, R. & Leigh Brown, A., 2000, In : Nature. 405, 6782, p. 43-47 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  99. Multiple sites in HIV-1 reverse transcriptase associated with virological response to combination therapy

    Precious, HM., Gunthard, HF., Wong, JK., D'Aquila, RT., Johnson, VA., Kuritzkes, DR., Richman, DD. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 2000, In : AIDS. 14, 1, p. 31-36 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  100. Transmission and fitness of drug resistant strains of HIV

    Leigh Brown, AJ., Frost, SDW., Whitcomb, JM., McLean, AR., Hellmann, NS., Leen, CS., Brettle, RP., Havlir, DV., Mathews, WC., Richman, DD. & Little, SJ., 2000, In : AIDS. 14, 4

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  101. 1999
  102. Associations between amino acids in the evolution of HIV type 1 protease sequences under indinavir therapy

    Leigh Brown, AJ., Korber, BT. & Condra, JH., 1999, In : Aids research and human retroviruses. 15, 3, p. 247-253 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  103. Completing the molecular investigation into the HIV outbreak at Glenochil prison

    Yirrell, DL., Hutchinson, SJ., Griffin, M., Gore, SM., Leigh Brown, AJ. & Goldberg, DJ., 1999, In : Epidemiology and Infection. 123, 2, p. 277-282 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  104. Evolution of envelope sequences of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in cellular reservoirs in the setting of potent antiviral therapy

    Gunthard, HF., Frost, SDW., Leigh Brown, AJ., Ignacio, CC., Kee, K., Perelson, AS., Spina, CA., Havlir, DV., Hezareh, M., Looney, DJ., Richman, DD. & Wong, JK., 1999, In : Journal of Virology. 73, 11, p. 9404-9412 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  105. Higher selection pressure from antiretroviral drugs in vivo results in increased evolutionary distance in HIV-1 pol

    Gunthard, HF., Leigh Brown, AJ., D'Aquila, RT., Johnson, VA., Kuritzkes, DR., Richman, DD. & Wong, JK., 1999, In : Virology. 259, 1, p. 154-165 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  106. Method used to identify previously undiagnosed infections in the HIV outbreak at Glenochil prison

    Hutchinson, SJ., Gore, SM., Goldberg, DJ., Yirrell, DL., McGregor, J., Bird, AG. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 1999, In : Epidemiology and Infection. 123, 2, p. 271-275 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  107. Sequence clusters in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase are associated with subsequent virological response to antiretroviral therapy

    Leigh Brown, AJ., Gunthard, HF., Wong, JK., D'Aquila, RT., Johnson, VA., Kuritzkes, DR. & Richman, DD., 1999, In : The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 180, 4, p. 1043-1049 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  108. 1998
  109. Analysis of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 env and gag sequence variants derived from a mother and two vertically infected children provides evidence for the transmission of multiple sequence variants

    Wade, CM., Lobidel, D. & Leigh Brown, AJ., May 1998, In : Journal of General Virology. 79, 5, p. 1055-1068 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  110. Molecular epidemiological analysis of HIV in sexual networks in Uganda

    Yirrell, DL., Pickering, H., Palmarini, G., Hamilton, L., Rutemberwa, A., Biryahwaho, B., Whitworth, J. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 1998, In : AIDS. 12, 3, p. 285-290 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  111. 1997
  112. Evolution of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in perinatally infected infants with rapid and slow progression to disease

    Salvatori, F., Masiero, S., Giaquinto, C., Wade, CM., Leigh Brown, AJ., ChiecoBianchi, L. & DeRossi, A., Jun 1997, In : Journal of Virology. 71, 6, p. 4694-4706 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  113. Genetic and molecular analysts of smooth, a quantitative trait locus affecting bristle number in Drosophila melanogaster

    zurLage, P., Shrimpton, AD., Flavell, AJ., Mackay, TFC. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Jun 1997, In : Genetics. 146, 2, p. 607-618 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  114. Mutations associated with zidovudine resistance in HIV-1 among recent seroconvertors

    Quigg, M., Rebus, S., France, A. J., McMenamin, J., Darby, G. & Leigh Brown, A. J., May 1997, In : AIDS. 11, 6, p. 835-836 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  115. Planktic foraminiferal molecular evolution and their polyphyletic origins from benthic taxa

    Darling, K., Wade, C. M., Kroon, D. & Leigh Brown, A., Apr 1997, In : Marine Micropaleontology. 30, 4, p. 251-266 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  116. HIV-1: Gambling on the evolution of drug resistance?

    Leigh Brown, AJ. & Richman, DD., Mar 1997, In : Nature Medicine. 3, 3, p. 268-271 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  117. Analysis of HIV-1 env gene sequences reveals evidence for a low effective number in the viral population

    Leigh Brown, AJ., 1997, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 94, 5, p. 1862-1865 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  118. Molecular investigation into outbreak of HIV in a Scottish prison

    Yirrell, DI., Robertson, P., Goldberg, DJ., McMenamin, J., Cameron, S. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 1997, In : BMJ. 314, 7092, p. 1446-1450 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  119. 1996
  120. Early evolutionary origin of the planktic foraminifera inferred from small subunit rDNA sequence comparisons

    Wade, C. M., Darling, K., Kroon, D. & Leigh Brown, A., Dec 1996, In : Journal of molecular evolution. 43, 6, p. 672-677 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  121. Independent evolution of the env and pol genes of HIV-1 during zidovudine therapy

    Leigh Brown, AJ. & Cleland, A., Oct 1996, In : AIDS. 10, 10, p. 1067-1073 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  122. Evolution of zidovudine resistance-associated genotypes in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected patients

    Cleland, A., Watson, HG., Robertson, P., Ludlam, CA. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 1996, In : Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 12, 1, p. 6-18 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  123. Molecular phylogeny of the planktic foraminifera

    Darling, K., Kroon, D., Wade, C. M. & Leigh Brown, A., 1996, In : Journal of foraminiferal research. 26, 4, p. 324-330 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  124. 1995
  125. Analysis of envelope sequence variants suggests multiple mechanisms of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1

    BRIANT, L., WADE, CM., PEUL, J., Leigh Brown, AJ. & GUYADER, M., Jun 1995, In : Journal of Virology. 69, 6, p. 3778-3788 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  126. THE MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS TYPE-1 IN EDINBURGH

    HOLMES, EC., ZHANG, LQ., ROBERTSON, P., CLELAND, A., HARVEY, E., SIMMONDS, P. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Jan 1995, In : The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 171, 1, p. 45-53 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  127. Evolutionary response to AZT therapy in HIV populations from two hemophiliacs

    Leigh Brown, AJ., Cleland, A. & Watson, H., 1995, In : Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 10, 3

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  128. IMMUNOGENIC HIV VARIANT PEPTIDES THAT BIND TO HLA-B8 BUT FAIL TO STIMULATE CYTOTOXIC T-LYMPHOCYTE RESPONSES

    MCADAM, SN., KLENERMAN, P., TUSSEY, LG., ROWLAND JONES, S., LALLOO, D., Leigh Brown, AJ., GOTCH, FM. & MCMICHAEL, AJ., 1995, In : Journal of cellular biochemistry. 19A

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  129. PROTECTING HIV DATABASES - REPLY

    BRIANT, L., PUEL, J., WADE, CM., Leigh Brown, AJ. & GUYADER, M., 1995, In : Nature. 378, 6554, p. 243-244 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  130. 1994
  131. EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY OF HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS

    Leigh Brown, AJ. & HOLMES, EC., 1994, In : Annual review of ecology and systematics. 25, p. 127-165 39 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  132. 1993
  133. Resistance of a human serum-selected human immunodeficiency virus type 1 escape mutant to neutralization by CD4 binding site monoclonal antibodies is conferred by a single amino acid change in gp120

    MCKEATING, JA., BENNETT, J., ZOLLAPAZNER, S., SCHUTTEN, M., ASHELFORD, S., Leigh Brown, AJ. & BALFE, P., Oct 1993, In : Journal of Virology. 67, 9, p. 5216-5225 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  134. MOLECULAR INVESTIGATION OF HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS (HIV) INFECTION IN A PATIENT OF AN HIV-INFECTED SURGEON

    HOLMES, EC., ZHANG, LQ., SIMMONDS, P., ROGERS, AS. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Jun 1993, In : The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 167, 6, p. 1411-1414 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  135. Selection for specific sequences in the external envelope protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 upon primary infection

    ZHANG, LQ., MACKENZIE, P., CLELAND, A., HOLMES, EC., Leigh Brown, AJ. & SIMMONDS, P., Jun 1993, In : Journal of Virology. 67, 6, p. 3345-3356 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  136. Evolution of structural proteins of feline immunodeficiency virus: molecular epidemiology and evidence of selection for change

    RIGBY, MA., HOLMES, EC., PISTELLO, M., MACKAY, A., Leigh Brown, AJ. & NEIL, JC., Mar 1993, In : Journal of General Virology. 74, 3, p. 425-436 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  137. INVESTIGATION OF POTENTIAL HIV TRANSMISSION TO THE PATIENTS OF AN HIV-INFECTED SURGEON

    ROGERS, AS., FROGGATT, JW., TOWNSEND, T., GORDON, T., Leigh Brown, AJ., HOLMES, EC., ZHANG, LQ. & MOSES, H., 1993, In : JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association. 269, 14, p. 1795-1801 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  138. SELECTION ON V3 LOOP SEQUENCES IN EARLY HIV-INFECTION

    Leigh Brown, AJ., ZHANG, LQ., HOLMES, EC. & SIMMONDS, P., 1993, In : Aids research and human retroviruses. 9, 1

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  139. SEQUENCE DATA AS EVIDENCE

    HOLMES, EC., Leigh Brown, AJ. & SIMMONDS, P., 1993, In : Nature. 364, 6440

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  140. STUDIES ON VIRUS LOAD AND SEQUENCE IN HIV TRANSMISSION

    Leigh Brown, AJ., ZHANG, LQ., ROBERTSON, P., CLELAND, A., HOLMES, EC. & SIMMONDS, P., 1993, In : Journal of cellular biochemistry. 17E

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  141. SUBSTITUTION OF PBMC-DERIVED GP120 CODING SEQUENCES INTO AN INFECTIOUS MOLECULAR CLONE OF HIV-1

    ASHELFORD, S., WALKER, R., HARVEY, E., ZHANG, LQ., BALFE, P., MCKEATING, J., SIMMONDS, P. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 1993, In : Journal of cellular biochemistry. 17E

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  142. 1992
  143. Convergent and divergent sequence evolution in the surface envelope glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 within a single infected patient

    HOLMES, EC., ZHANG, LQ., SIMMONDS, P., LUDLAM, CA. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 1992, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 89, 11, p. 4835-4839 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  144. 1991
  145. DETECTION, QUANTIFICATION AND SEQUENCING OF HIV-1 FROM THE PLASMA OF SEROPOSITIVE INDIVIDUALS AND FROM FACTOR-VIII CONCENTRATES

    ZHANG, LQ., SIMMONDS, P., LUDLAM, CA. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Jun 1991, In : AIDS. 5, 6, p. 675-681 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  146. DISCONTINUOUS SEQUENCE CHANGE OF HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS (HIV) TYPE-1 ENV SEQUENCES IN PLASMA VIRAL AND LYMPHOCYTE-ASSOCIATED PROVIRAL POPULATIONS INVIVO - IMPLICATIONS FOR MODELS OF HIV PATHOGENESIS

    SIMMONDS, P., ZHANG, LQ., MCOMISH, F., BALFE, P., LUDLAM, CA. & Leigh Brown, AJ., 1991, In : Journal of Virology. 65, 11, p. 6266-6276 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  147. 1990
  148. Analysis of sequence diversity in hypervariable regions of the external glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1

    SIMMONDS, P., BALFE, P., LUDLAM, CA., BISHOP, JO. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Dec 1990, In : Journal of Virology. 64, 12, p. 5840-5850 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  149. Concurrent evolution of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in patients infected from the same source: Rate of sequence change and low frequency of inactivating mutations

    BALFE, P., SIMMONDS, P., LUDLAM, CA., BISHOP, JO. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Dec 1990, In : Journal of Virology. 64, 12, p. 6221-6233 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  150. Extensive Linkage Disequilibrium in the achaete-scute Complex of Drosophila melanogaster

    MACPHERSON, JN., WEIR, BS. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Oct 1990, In : Genetics. 126, 1, p. 121-129 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  151. Transposable element-induced response to artificial selection in Drosophila melanogaster: molecular analysis of selection lines

    SHRIMPTON, AE., MACKAY, TFC. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Aug 1990, In : Genetics. 125, 4, p. 803-811 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  152. EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS OF THE HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES

    Leigh Brown, AJ., Jun 1990, In : Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 5, 6, p. 177-181 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  153. THE POLYMERASE CHAIN-REACTION IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF VERTICALLY TRANSMITTED HIV-INFECTION

    WILLIAMS, P., SIMMONDS, P., YAP, PL., BALFE, P., BISHOP, J., BRETTLE, R., HAGUE, R., HARGREAVES, D., INGLIS, J., Leigh Brown, AJ., PEUTHERER, J., REBUS, S. & MOK, J., May 1990, In : AIDS. 4, 5, p. 393-398 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  154. Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Individuals Contain Provirus in Small Numbers of Peripheral Mononuclear Cells and at Low Copy Numbers

    SIMMONDS, P., BALFE, P., PEUTHERER, JF., LUDLAM, CA., BISHOP, JO. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Feb 1990, In : Journal of Virology. 64, 2, p. 864-872 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  155. 1989
  156. INSERTION DELETION VARIATION AT THE YELLOW-ACHAETE-SCUTE REGION IN 2 NATURAL-POPULATIONS OF DROSOPHILA-MELANOGASTER

    BEECH, RN. & Leigh Brown, AJ., Feb 1989, In : Genetics Research. 53, 1, p. 7-15 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  157. 1988
  158. EVOLUTION OF THE STRUCTURAL PROTEINS OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS - SELECTIVE CONSTRAINTS ON NUCLEOTIDE SUBSTITUTION

    Leigh Brown, AJ. & MONAGHAN, P., Dec 1988, In : Aids research and human retroviruses. 4, 6, p. 399-407 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  159. RELATIONSHIPS AMONG ISOLATES OF HIV

    Leigh Brown, AJ. & BALFE, P., 1988, In : Nature. 335, 6192

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  160. 1987
  161. TRANSPOSITION OF THE I-ELEMENT AND COPIA IN A NATURAL-POPULATION OF DROSOPHILA-MELANOGASTER

    Leigh Brown, AJ. & MOSS, JE., Apr 1987, In : Genetics Research. 49, 2, p. 121-128 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  162. 1983
  163. Variation at the 87A heat shock locus in Drosophila melanogaster

    Leigh Brown, AJ., 1983, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 80, 17, p. 5350-5354 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  164. 1982
  165. Estimation of Genetic Variability in Natural Populations of DROSOPHILA SIMULANS by Two-Dimensional and Starch Gel Electrophoresis

    OHNISHI, S., Leigh Brown, AJ., VOELKER, RA. & LANGLEY, CH., 1982, In : Genetics. 100, 1, p. 127-136 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  166. 1981
  167. EVOLUTION OF THE 87A AND 87C HEAT-SHOCK LOCI IN DROSOPHILA

    Leigh Brown, AJ. & ISH-HOROWICZ, D., 1981, In : Nature. 290, 5808, p. 677-682 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  168. Null Allele Frequencies at Allozyme Loci in Natural Populations of DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER

    LANGLEY, CH., VOELKER, RA., Leigh Brown, AJ., OHNISHI, S., DICKSON, B. & MONTGOMERY, E., 1981, In : Genetics. 99, 1, p. 151-156 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  169. 1980
  170. ENZYME NULL ALLELES IN NATURAL-POPULATIONS OF DROSOPHILA-MELANOGASTER - FREQUENCIES IN A NORTH-CAROLINA POPULATION

    VOELKER, RA., LANGLEY, CH., Leigh Brown, AJ., OHNISHI, S., DICKSON, B., MONTGOMERY, E. & SMITH, SC., 1980, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 77, 2, p. 1091-1095 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  171. 1979
  172. CORRELATION BETWEEN HETEROZYGOSITY AND SUBUNIT MOLECULAR-WEIGHT

    Leigh Brown, AJ. & LANGLEY, CH., 1979, In : Nature. 277, 5698, p. 649-651 3 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  173. RE-EVALUATION OF LEVEL OF GENIC HETEROZYGOSITY IN NATURAL-POPULATION OF DROSOPHILA-MELANOGASTER BY 2-DIMENSIONAL ELECTROPHORESIS

    Leigh Brown, AJ. & LANGLEY, CH., 1979, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 76, 5, p. 2381-2384 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  174. 1977
  175. Genetic changes in a population of field-mice (Apodemus-Sylvaticus) during one winter

    Leigh Brown, AJ., 1977, In : Journal of Zoology. 182, July, p. 281-289 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  176. PHYSIOLOGICAL CORRELATES OF AN ENZYME POLYMORPHISM

    Leigh Brown, AJ., 1977, In : Nature. 269, 5631, p. 803-804 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle