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A combined analysis of genetically correlated traits identifies 187 loci and a role for neurogenesis and myelination in intelligence

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-181
JournalMolecular Psychiatry
Volume24
Issue number2
Early online date11 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Abstract

Intelligence, or general cognitive function, is phenotypically and genetically correlated with many traits, including many physical and mental health variables. Education is strongly genetically correlated with intelligence, at rg=0.73. We used these findings as foundations for our use of a novel approach—Multi-Trait Analysis of Genome-wide association studies (MTAG; Turley et al. 2017)—to combine two large genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of education and intelligence,increasing statistical power and resulting in the largest GWAS of intelligence yet reported. Our study had four goals: first, to facilitate the discovery of new genetic loci associated with intelligence;second, to add to our understanding of the biology of intelligence differences; third, to examine whether combining genetically correlated traits in this way produces results consistent with the primary phenotype of intelligence; and, finally, to test how well this new meta-analytic data sample on intelligence predicts phenotypic intelligence variance in an independent sample. By combining datasets using MTAG, our functional sample size increased from 199 242 participants to 248 482. Wefound 187 independent loci associated with intelligence, implicating 538 genes, using both SNP-based and gene-based GWAS. We found evidence that neurogenesis and myelination—as well as genes expressed in the synapse, and those involved in the regulation of the nervous system—may explain some of the biological differences in intelligence. The results of our combined analysis demonstrated the same pattern of genetic correlations as those from previous GWASs of intelligence, providing support for the meta-analysis of these genetically-related phenotypes.

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