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A comparative analysis of cultural value orientations of Polish and Turkish employees: Implications for International Human Resource Management

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2452-2471
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number12
Early online date20 May 2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013


This study empirically compares and contrasts the cultural value orientations of
employees from Poland and Turkey by testing the compatibility of their values in three
stages through seven cultural dimensions. The first phase of the study deals with the
assessment of inter-country cultural value differences; the second phase investigates
the intra-country cultural dynamics between selected demographic groups; and the
third phase examines the inter-country cultural differences among the selected
demographic groups of employees. The research has been conducted adopting the
Maznevski, DiStephano, and Nason’s (1995) version of cultural perspectives
questionnaire with a sample of 744 (548 Polish and 196 Turkish) respondents. The
results show significant cultural differences between Poland and Turkey, a presence of
cultural dynamics among certain demographic groups within the country, and a mixture of convergence and divergence in the value systems of certain demographic groups both within and between the two nation(s). The research findings convey important messages to international human resource strategists in order for them to employ an effective and rational employment policy and business negotiation approach(es) to effectively operate in these countries. It also highlights that diversity of cultural values not only requires viewing each of them through cultural dimensions at a macro-level with a cross-country reference, but also requires monitoring their dynamics at the micro-level with reference to controlled demographic groups.

    Research areas

  • Convergence–Divergence, , Cultural Value Orientations, Poland, , Turkey

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