TY - JOUR
T1 - A Functional Approach to Vertical Turbulent Transport of Scalars in the Atmospheric Surface Layer
AU - Clement, Robert
AU - Moncrieff, John
PY - 2019/9
Y1 - 2019/9
N2 - Eddy covariance has been the de facto method of analyzing scalar turbulent transport data. To refine the information available from these data, we derive a simplified version of the turbulent scalar-transport equation for the surface layer, which employs a more explicit form of signal decomposition and dispenses with Reynolds averaging in favour of an averaging operator based on the relevant scalar-flux driving variables. The resulting method, termed functional covariance, provides five areas of improvement in flux estimation: (i) Better representation of surface fluxes through closer correspondence of turbulent exchange with variations in the driving variables. (ii) An approximate 25% reduction in flux uncertainty resulting from improved independence of turbulent-flux samples. (iii) Improved data retention through less onerous quality control (stationarity) testing. (iv) Improved estimation of low-frequency flux contributions through reduced uncertainty and avoidance of driving-variable nonstationarity. (v) Potential elimination of flux-storage estimation when state driving-variables are used to define the functional-covariance flux averaging. We describe the important considerations required for application of functional covariance, apply both functional- and eddy-covariance methods to an example dataset, compare the resulting eddy- and functional-covariance esti- mates, and demonstrate the aforementioned benefits of functional covariance.
AB - Eddy covariance has been the de facto method of analyzing scalar turbulent transport data. To refine the information available from these data, we derive a simplified version of the turbulent scalar-transport equation for the surface layer, which employs a more explicit form of signal decomposition and dispenses with Reynolds averaging in favour of an averaging operator based on the relevant scalar-flux driving variables. The resulting method, termed functional covariance, provides five areas of improvement in flux estimation: (i) Better representation of surface fluxes through closer correspondence of turbulent exchange with variations in the driving variables. (ii) An approximate 25% reduction in flux uncertainty resulting from improved independence of turbulent-flux samples. (iii) Improved data retention through less onerous quality control (stationarity) testing. (iv) Improved estimation of low-frequency flux contributions through reduced uncertainty and avoidance of driving-variable nonstationarity. (v) Potential elimination of flux-storage estimation when state driving-variables are used to define the functional-covariance flux averaging. We describe the important considerations required for application of functional covariance, apply both functional- and eddy-covariance methods to an example dataset, compare the resulting eddy- and functional-covariance esti- mates, and demonstrate the aforementioned benefits of functional covariance.
KW - Functional Covariance
KW - Eddy Covariance
KW - surface layer
KW - micrometeorology
U2 - 10.1007/s10546-019-00474-z
DO - 10.1007/s10546-019-00474-z
M3 - Article
JO - Boundary-Layer Meteorology
JF - Boundary-Layer Meteorology
SN - 0006-8314
M1 - 10.1007/s10546-019-00474-z
ER -