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A Latent Morphology Model for Open-Vocabulary Neural Machine Translation

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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEighth International Conference on Learning Representations
Number of pages15
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 20 Dec 2020
EventEighth International Conference on Learning Representations - Millennium Hall, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Duration: 26 Apr 202030 Apr 2020
https://iclr.cc/Conferences/2020

Conference

ConferenceEighth International Conference on Learning Representations
Abbreviated titleICLR 2020
CountryEthiopia
CityAddis Ababa
Period26/04/2030/04/20
Internet address

Abstract

Translation into morphologically-rich languages challenges neural machinetranslation (NMT) models with extremely sparse vocabularies where atomic treatment of surface forms is unrealistic. This problem is typically addressed by either pre-processing words into subword units or performing translation directly at the level of characters. The former is based on word segmentation algorithms optimized using corpus-level statistics with no regard to the translation task. The latter learns directly from translation data but requires rather deep architectures. In this paper, we propose to translate words by modeling word formation through a hierarchical latent variable model which mimics the process of morphological inflection. Our model generates words one character at a time by composing two latent representations: a continuous one, aimed at capturing the lexical semantics, and a set of (approximately) discrete features, aimed at capturing the morphosyn-tactic function, which are shared among different surface forms. Our model achieves better accuracy in translation into three morphologically-rich languages than conventional open-vocabulary NMT methods, while also demonstrating a better generalization capacity under low to mid-resource settings.

Event

Eighth International Conference on Learning Representations

26/04/2030/04/20

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Event: Conference

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