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A microarray approach to the identification of polyurethanes for the isolation of human skeletal progenitor cells and augmentation of skeletal cell growth

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1045-1055
Number of pages11
JournalBiomaterials
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009

Abstract

The present study has examined the efficacy of a polymer microarray platform to screen a library of polyurethanes for applications such as human skeletal progenitor cell isolation and surface modification of tissue engineering scaffolds to enhance skeletal cell growth and differentiation. Analysis of polyurethane microarrays incubated with adult human bone marrow-derived STRO-1+ skeletal progenitor cells identified 31 polyurethanes (from the entire library of 120 polyurethanes) capable of binding to the STRO-1+ cells. Four polyurethanes (out of the 31 identified in the previous screen) were able to selectively immobilise cells of the STRO-1+ fraction from the heterogeneous human bone marrow mononuclear cell population. These four polyurethanes were highly selective for the STRO-1+ fraction of human bone marrow as they tailed to bind STRO-1+ immature osteoblast-like MG63 cells, the STRO-1+ fraction of human fetal skeletal cells and differentiated osteoblast-like SaOs cells. Culture of human bone marrow-derived STRO-1+ cells on fibres of Polyglycolic acid (PGA) fleece surface modified by polyurethane adsorption, in osteogenic conditions, enhanced the expression of early osteogenic genes. Similarly, surface modification of PGA fleece fibres by polyurethane adsorption increased the responsiveness of MG63 cells, cultured on this scaffold, to 1,25 dihydroxy Vitamin D3, as demonstrated by enhanced Osteocalcin expression. 2008 (C) Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Microarray, Polyurethanes, Skeletal progenitors, STRO-1, MG63, Fetal skeletal cells, MESENCHYMAL STEM-CELLS, MARROW STROMAL CELLS, HUMAN BONE-MARROW, ADULT HUMAN BONE, MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES, BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS, ALKALINE-PHOSPHATASE, EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX, TISSUE REGENERATION, ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS

ID: 1481197