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A Neural Circuit Mechanism Integrating Motivational State with Memory Expression in Drosophila

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-427
Number of pages12
JournalCell
Volume139
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2009

Abstract

Behavioral expression of food-associated memory in fruit flies is constrained by satiety and promoted by hunger, suggesting an influence of motivational state. Here, we identify a neural mechanism that integrates the internal state of hunger and appetitive memory. We show that stimulation of neurons that express neuropeptide F(dNPF), an ortholog of mammalian NPY, mimics food deprivation and promotes memory performance in satiated flies. Robust appetitive memory performance requires the dNPF receptor in six dopaminergic neurons that innervate a distinct region of the mushroom bodies. Blocking these dopaminergic neurons releases memory performance in satiated flies, whereas stimulation suppresses memory performance in hungry flies. Therefore, dNPF and dopamine provide a motivational switch in the mushroom body that controls the output of appetitive memory.

    Research areas

  • SYSNEURO, MOLNEURO

ID: 709840