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A new approach to monitor 13C-targets degradation in situfor 13C(α,n)16O cross-section measurements at LUNA

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • G F Ciani
  • L. Csedreki
  • J Balibrea-Correa
  • A. Best
  • F Barile
  • D. Bemmerer
  • A. Boeltzig
  • C. Broggini
  • A Caciolli
  • F. Cavanna
  • Thomas Chillery
  • P Colombetti
  • P Corvisiero
  • R Depalo
  • A Di Leva
  • L Di Paolo
  • Z Elekes
  • F Ferraro
  • E. M. Fiore
  • A Formicola
  • Zs Fülöp
  • G Gervino
  • A Guglielmetti
  • C Gustavino
  • G. Gyurky
  • G Imbriani
  • M Junker
  • I. Kochanek
  • M. Lugaro
  • P. Marigo
  • E Masha
  • R Menegazzo
  • V Mossa
  • F R Pantaleo
  • V Paticchio
  • R Perrino
  • D Piatti
  • P Prati
  • L Schiavulli
  • K. Stöckel
  • O Straniero
  • T Szucs
  • M. P. Takács
  • F Terrasi
  • D Trezzi
  • S Zavatarelli

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Original languageEnglish
Article number75
JournalEuropean Physical Journal A: Hadrons and Nuclei
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2020


Direct measurements of reaction cross-sections at astrophysical energies often require the use of solid targets able to withstand high ion beam currents for extended periods of time. Thus, monitoring target thickness, isotopic composition, and target stoichiometry during data taking is critical to account
for possible target modifications and to reduce uncertainties in the final cross-section results. A common technique used for these purposes is the Nuclear Resonant Reaction Analysis (NRRA), which however requires that a narrow resonance be available inside the dynamic range of the accelerator used. In cases
when this is not possible, as for example the 13C(α,n)16O reaction recently studied at low energies at the Laboratory for Underground Nuclear Astrophysics (LUNA) in Italy, alternative approaches must be found. Here, we present a new application of the shape analysis of primary ϒ rays emitted by the 13C(p,)14N
radiative capture reaction. This approach was used to monitor 13C target degradation in situ during the13C(α,n)16O data taking campaign. The results obtained are in agreement with evaluations subsequently performed at Atomki (Hungary) using the NRRA method. A preliminary application for the extraction of
the 13C(α,n)16O reaction cross-section at one beam energy is also reported.

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