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A novel application of satellite radar data: measuring carbon sequestration and detecting degradation in a community forestry project in Mozambique

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    Rights statement: This is an authors draft of an article published in Plant Ecology and Diversity copyright Taylor & Francis (2012). The final version is available online.

    Accepted author manuscript, 412 KB, PDF document

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17550874.2012.695814#.UmUy5_m-1Bk
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-170
Number of pages12
JournalPlant ecology & diversity
Volume6
Issue number1
Early online date5 Nov 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Abstract

Background: It is essential that systems for measuring changes in carbon stocks for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) projects are accurate, reliable and low cost. Widely used systems involving classifying optical satellite data can underestimate degradation, and by classifying the landscape ignore the natural heterogeneity of biomass.

Aims: To assess the ability of repeat L-band radar to detect areas of small increases or decreases in above-ground biomass (AGB) across a Miombo woodland landscape.

Methods: ALOS PALSAR L-band cross-polarised (HV) radar data from 2007 and 2009 were used to create maps of AGB, calibrated using 58 field plots. The change in AGB was assessed for land parcels with known landcover histories: (i) 500 ha of new agroforestry; (ii) 9500 ha of protected (REDD) areas; and (iii) 23 ha of land where degradation occurred between 2007 and 2009.

Results: Increases in AGB were detected in both the agroforestry and REDD areas (0.4 and 1.1 Mg C ha−1 year−1, respectively), while the degraded areas showed a decrease of 3 Mg C ha−1 year−1.

Conclusions: PALSAR data can be used to detect losses and gains in AGB in woodland ecosystems. However, further work is needed to precisely quantify the uncertainties in the change estimates, and the extent of false-positive and false-negative change detections that would result from using such a system.

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