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A perceptually-motivated low-complexity instantaneous linear channel normalization technique applied to speaker verification

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Victor Poblete
  • Felipe Espic
  • Simon King
  • Richard M. Stem
  • Fernando Huenupan
  • Josue Fredes
  • Nestor Becerra Yoma

Related Edinburgh Organisations

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
JournalComputer Speech and Language
Volume31
Issue number1
Early online date7 Nov 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2015

Abstract

This paper proposes a new set of speech features called Locally-Normalized Cepstral Coefficients (LNCC) that are based on Seneff's Generalized Synchrony Detector (GSD). First, an analysis of the GSD frequency response is provided to show that it generates spurious peaks at harmonics of the detected frequency. Then, the GSD frequency response is modeled as a quotient of two filters centered at the detected frequency. The numerator is a triangular band pass filter centered around a particular frequency similar to the ordinary Mel filters. The denominator term is a filter that responds maximally to frequency components on either side of the numerator filter. As a result, a local normalization is performed without the spurious peaks of the original GSD. Speaker verification results demonstrate that the proposed LNCC features are of low computational complexity and far more effectively compensate for spectral tilt than ordinary MFCC coefficients. LNCC features do not require the computation and storage of a moving average of the feature values, and they provide relative reductions in Equal Error Rate (EER) as high as 47.7%, 34.0% or 25.8% when compared with MFCC, MFCC + CMN, or MFCC + RASTA in one case of variable spectral tilt, respectively. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Channel robust feature extraction, Auditorymodels, Spectral local normalization, Synchrony detection, ROBUST SPEECH RECOGNITION, AUDITORY-NERVE FIBERS, LOCALIZED SYNCHRONY DETECTION, AIRBORNE SOUND INSULATION, POSITION-DEPENDENT CMN, JOINT FACTOR-ANALYSIS, STEADY-STATE VOWELS, TEMPORAL INFORMATION, NOISY ENVIRONMENTS, PHASE SENSITIVITY

ID: 19840837