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A qualitative exploration of participants' experiences of taking part in a walking programme: Perceived benefits, barriers, choices and use of intervention resources

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  • Fiona Mitchell
  • Kirsten Stalker
  • Lynsay Matthews
  • Nanette Mutrie
  • Chris Melling
  • Alex McConnachie
  • Heather Murray
  • Craig A Melville

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    Rights statement: This is the accepted version of the following article: Mitchell F, Stalker K, Matthews L, Mutrie N, Melling C, McConnachie A, Murray H, and Melville C. A qualitative exploration of participants’ experiences of taking part in a walking programme: Perceived benefits, barriers, choices and use of intervention resources. J Appl Res Intellect Disabil. 2016;00:1–12. doi: 10.1111/jar.12326, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jar.12326/abstract;jsessionid=5E18CF2EEE37C8B241F9304339ADB6B9.f04t01

    Accepted author manuscript, 747 KB, PDF document

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-121
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume31
Issue numberS1
Early online date22 Dec 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) experience significant inequalities and tend to be more sedentary and less physically active than the wider population. Walking programmes are an effective way to increase physical activity (PA) but have not been used in studies involving adults with intellectual disabilities.

METHOD: Nineteen adults with intellectual disabilities participated in semistructured interviews or focus groups exploring their experiences of taking part in a walking programme (Walk Well). Data were coded using thematic analysis.

RESULTS: Four overarching themes emerged: perceived benefits of taking part in the programme, perceived drawbacks/ barriers, walking choices and using the Walk Well resources. While there was not a significant increase in walking for all, the participants reported positive experiences of taking part in the programme. Self-monitoring proved difficult for some, particularly reading the daily step count recorded on the pedometer and writing it in the diary. Carers also played an important role in facilitating and preventing behaviour change in adults with intellectual disabilities.

CONCLUSION: Additional barriers prevent many adults with intellectual disabilities from participating in PA. Capturing participant experiences provides important information for designing effective and equitable health improvement programmes.

    Research areas

  • walking, physical activity, intellectual disabilities, qualitative, participant experiences, inequalities

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