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Absolute luminosity measurements with the LHCb detector at the LHC

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • The LHCb Collaboration

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Original languageEnglish
Article numberP01010
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Abstract

Absolute luminosity measurements are of general interest for colliding-beam experiments at storage rings. These measurements are necessary to determine the absolute cross-sections of reaction processes and are valuable to quantify the performance of the accelerator. LHCb has applied two methods to determine the absolute scale of its luminosity measurements for proton-proton collisions at the LHC with a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. In addition to the classic 'van der Meer scan' method a novel technique has been developed which makes use of direct imaging of the individual beams using beam-gas and beam-beam interactions. This beam imaging method is made possible by the high resolution of the LHCb vertex detector and the close proximity of the detector to the beams, and allows beam parameters such as positions, angles and widths to be determined. The results of the two methods have comparable precision and are in good agreement. Combining the two methods, an overal precision of 3.5% in the absolute luminosity determination is reached. The techniques used to transport the absolute luminosity calibration to the full data-taking period are presented.

    Research areas

  • Instrumentation for particle accelerators and storage rings - high energy (linear accelerators, synchrotrons), pattern recognition , cluster finding , calibration and fitting methods

ID: 1632223