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Accelerated Structure-Aware Sparse Bayesian Learning for 3D Electrical Impedance Tomography

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https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8626478
Original languageEnglish
JournalIeee transactions on industrial informatics
Early online date25 Jan 2019
StateE-pub ahead of print - 25 Jan 2019

Abstract

In this work, we consider the reconstruction of three-dimensional (3D) conductivity distribution using electrical impedance tomography (EIT) technique. A high-resolution and efficient algorithm is developed to solve the EIT inverse problem. The presented algorithm is extended upon a recently proposed novel EIT reconstruction approach based on structure-aware sparse Bayesian learning (SA-SBL). The correlation between proximal layers in the 3D geometry are incorporated into the structure prior to improve the reconstruction accuracy. In addition, an efficient approach based on approximate message passing is developed to accelerate the large-scale 3D learning process. To validate the algorithm, numerical experiments using real recorded data are conducted. The visual and quantitative-metric comparisons show that the proposed method outperforms the existing methods in terms of reconstruction accuracy and computational complexity in all test cases. The SA-SBL based reconstruction approach can preserve the 3D structure of med-ical volume, reduce the systematic artifacts, and improve the computational efficiency.

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