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Age-related protective immunity after vaccination with Haemonchus contortus excretory/secretory proteins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-426
Number of pages8
JournalParasite Immunology
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2001

Abstract

Protection against an experimental challenge infection by immunization with excretory/secretory products (ES) from Haemonchus contortus, containing predominantly proteins of 15 and 24 kDa, depends on the age of the sheep. Vaccinated sheep 9 and 6 months of age had reduced final worm burdens of 82 and 77, respectively. No reduction in worm burden was found in 3-month-old lambs. Nine-month-old sheep had significantly higher ES-specific serum immunoglobulin (Ig)G1 and IgA during immunizations and after challenge infection than 3-month-old lambs. There was no correlation within the 9-month-old sheep between ES-specific IgA or IgG1 levels and protection, measured as worm burden. However, when the different age groups were combined, negative correlations between percentage protection and ES-specific IgA and IgG1 levels after challenge were found. At the end of the experiment, peripheral blood eosinophils and mast cell counts in abomasal tissue were also significantly higher in the vaccinated and challenged 9-month-old sheep than in the vaccinated and challenged 3-month-old or than in the 9-month-old sheep with challenge, but without vaccination. The responses measured in young lambs were similar to the responses in sheep, but the height of these responses was in general of a lower magnitude.

    Research areas

  • ADULT PARASITE, IMMUNIZATION, TRICHOSTRONGYLUS-COLUBRIFORMIS, RESPONSES, Haemonchus contortus, vaccination, secretory proteins, LAMBS, HEMONCHOSIS, age, MEMBRANE, INFECTION, immune response, RUMINANTS, SHEEP, excretory

ID: 7555509