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Alipay entered Malaysia: A closer look at the new market entry strategy driven by Chinese tourists

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
JournalQualitative Research in Financial Markets
Early online date15 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Jul 2020

Abstract

This case study investigates the entrance of Chinese-based Alipay’s mobile-payment (m-payment) technology into Malaysia. Malaysia allowed this entry of the first foreign m-payment company because it would allow Chinese tourists spending while they are visiting Malaysia. It will view this entrance from a Malaysian perspective.
The views of Malaysian players (Bank Negara Malaysia officers, three Malaysian banks’ officers, the Alipay-Malaysia officers, the Airport Section Manager, the Convenience Store Manager and the Airport Store Sales Executive) were sought via qualitative interview concerning Alipay’s entry into the Malaysian market. Respondents who had relevant knowledge and/or were involved in Alipay m-payment technology development in Malaysia were contacted while the remainder were obtained by snowballing. Secondary data was collected from Bank Negara Malaysia’s policy, three Malaysian banks’ reports, the Alipay-Malaysia public statements and the Airport and Convenience Store reports. Triangulation using primary data and secondary data was employed to safeguard the validity and reliability of the outcomes.
The entry strategy used by Alipay was different from those reported in previous studies. The establishment of Alipay-Malaysia was the first element of the ‘mode of entry’ gaining pioneer status in Malaysia. The next stage was gaining support from Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM)-Malaysian Central Bank, and three Malaysian banks (Maybank, Public Bank and CIMB) through collaborative ventures with Alipay-Malaysia Sdn. Bhd., leading to acceptance nationwide by local merchants. The key driver of acceptance being Chinese outbound tourists in Malaysia.
This case study was conducted during the early implementation of Alipay in Malaysia from 2015 until April 2019. During this period, there were challenges due to the lack of primary data. This was overcome by the support from the respondents and the secondary data.
This study contributes to insights from a different entry strategy which used tourism as a leading force. This can give guidance to other m-payment service providers or other countries as m-payment technology recipient about ‘market entry strategy’ and ‘modes of entry’ following Alipay’s approach.
To date, no study has been conducted to investigate the nature of Alipay m-payment in Malaysia. This qualitative study has examined the new phenomenon regarding how Alipay entered the Malaysian market. Moreover, this study can also contribute new insights into the existing theory of ‘market entry strategy’ in terms of Alipay’s tourist-based approach.

    Research areas

  • Alipay-Malaysia, mobile payment, market entry strategy, mode of entry, Chinese outbound tourism

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