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Antipsychotics and abnormal liver function tests: systematic review.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-53
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Neuropharmacology
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Systematic assessment of the prevalence and pattern of liver function test (LFT) abnormalities associated with regular antipsychotics in adult humans and consideration of management of such abnormalities.
DATA SOURCES:

Systematic search identifying cohort, cross-sectional or case studies/series, reporting LFT abnormalities in patients receiving regular antipsychotics. EMBASE, PsychINFO, and MEDLINE were searched for studies in English from record onset.
STUDY SELECTION:

Abstracts were independently screened for eligibility by 2 researchers. Ineligible studies included those that did not report LFT reference ranges, those that studied fewer than 10 patients on a given antipsychotic, and those studying children.
DATA EXTRACTION:

Key variables in group studies were extracted. Case studies/series were examined for patient outcome.
DATA SYNTHESIS:

Ten group studies and 91 case studies/series were eligible, although quality was poor. All groups receiving regular antipsychotics had a prevalence of LFT abnormalities greater than chance. The median percentage of patients with any abnormal LFT on any antipsychotic was 32%, with a range of 5% to 78%. The median percentage of patients with clinically significant elevations was 4%, with a range of 0% to 15%. Transaminases were most commonly elevated. Abnormalities were generally asymptomatic, arose within 6 weeks, and were either stably persistent or resolved with continued treatment. Case reports suggested that antipsychotics can be associated with severe hepatitis, fatal in a small minority of cases. Chlorpromazine is most commonly associated with acute liver injury.
CONCLUSIONS:

The LFT abnormalities in patients receiving regular antipsychotics are common but generally mild and transient. Very rarely, a severe or fatal hepatic injury can emerge.

ID: 18506162