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Appraisal of the realistic accuracy of molecular dynamics of high-pressure hydrogen

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http://cogentoa.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23311940.2015.1049477
Original languageEnglish
Article number1049477
Number of pages12
JournalCogent Physics
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2015

Abstract

Molecular dynamics (MD) is a powerful method for studying the behaviour of materials at high temperature. In practice, however, its effectiveness in representing real systems is limited by the accuracy of the forces, finite size effects, quantization and equilibration methods. In this paper, we report and discuss some calculations carried out using MD on high-pressure hydrogen, reviewing a number of sources of error, of which the neglect of zero-point vibrations is quantitatively the largest. We show that simulations using ab initio MD with the PBE functional predict a large stability field for the molecular Cmca4 structure at pressures just above those achieved in current experiments above the stability range of the mixed molecular layered Phase IV. However, the various errors in the simulation all point towards a much smaller stability range, and the likelihood of a non-molecular phase based on low-coordination networks or chains of atoms.

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