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Association of whole-genome and NETRIN1 signaling pathway-derived polygenic risk scores for Major Depressive Disorder and white matter microstructure in UK Biobank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-100
Number of pages10
JournalBiological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging
Volume4
Issue number1
Early online date31 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Abstract

Background
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a clinically heterogeneous psychiatric disorder with a polygenic architecture. Genome-wide association studies have identified a number of risk-associated variants across the genome, and growing evidence of NETRIN1 pathway involvement. Stratifying disease risk by genetic variation within the NETRIN1 pathway may provide important routes for identification of disease mechanisms by focusing on a specific process excluding heterogeneous risk-associated variation in other pathways. Here, we sought to investigate whether MDD polygenic risk scores derived from the NETRIN1 signaling pathway (NETRIN1-PRS) and the whole genome excluding NETRIN1 pathway genes (genomic-PRS) were associated with white matter microstructure.

Methods
We used two diffusion tensor imaging measures, fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD), in the most up-to-date UK Biobank neuroimaging data release (FA: N = 6,401; MD: N = 6,390).

Results
We found significantly lower FA in the superior longitudinal fasciculus (β = -0.035, pcorrected = 0.029) and significantly higher MD in a global measure of thalamic radiations (β = 0.029, pcorrected = 0.021), as well as higher MD in the superior (β = 0.034, pcorrected = 0.039) and inferior (β = 0.029, pcorrected = 0.043) longitudinal fasciculus and in the anterior (β = 0.025, pcorrected = 0.046) and superior (β = 0.027, pcorrected = 0.043) thalamic radiation associated with NETRIN1-PRS. Genomic-PRS was also associated with lower FA and higher MD in several tracts.

Conclusions
Our findings indicate that variation in the NETRIN1 signaling pathway may confer risk for MDD through effects on a number of white matter tracts.

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