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Automatic matching of legacy code to heterogeneous APIs: An idiomatic approach

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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication23rd ACM International Conference on Architectural Support for Programming Languages and Operating Systems (ASPLOS'18)
StateAccepted/In press - 14 Nov 2017


Heterogeneous accelerators often disappoint. They provide the prospect of great performance, but only deliver it when using vendor specific optimized libraries or domain specific languages. This requires considerable legacy code modifications, hindering the adoption of heterogeneous computing.
This paper develops a novel approach that automatically detects opportunities to exploit accelerators. We focus on calculations that are well supported by established APIs: sparse and dense linear algebra, stencils and generalized reductions and histograms.We call such opportunities idioms and use a custom constraint-based Idiom Description Language (IDL) to discover them within user code.
Detected idioms are then mapped to BLAS libraries, cuSPARSE and clSPARSE and two DSLs: Halide and Lift. We implemented the approach in LLVM and evaluated it on the NAS and Parboil sequential C/C++ benchmarks, where we detect 60 idiom instances. In those cases where idioms are a significant part of the sequential execution time, we generate code that achieves 1.26× to over 20× speedup on integrated and external GPUs.

ID: 54253265