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Autoregressive Point-Processes as Latent State-Space Models: a Moment-Closure Approach to Fluctuations and Autocorrelations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages34
JournalNeural Computation
Early online date27 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Aug 2018

Abstract

Modeling and interpreting spike train data is a task of central importance in computational neuroscience, with significant translational implications. Two popular classes of data-driven models for this task are autoregressive Point Process Generalized Linear models (PPGLM) and latent State-Space models (SSM) with point-process observations. In this letter, we derive a mathematical connection between these two classes of models. By introducing an auxiliary history process, we represent exactly a PPGLM in terms of a latent, infinite dimensional dynamical system, which can then be mapped onto an SSM by basis function projections and moment closure. This representation provides a new perspective on widely used methods for modeling spike data, and also suggests novel algorithmic approaches to fitting such models. We illustrate our results on a phasic bursting neuron model, showing that our proposed approach provides an accurate and efficient way to capture neural dynamics.

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