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Balancing effective public enforcement against the needs of access to justice: Current debates on the access to NCA-held evidence in the course of civil proceedings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
JournalCompetition Policy International
Issue number1
Early online date6 Feb 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Feb 2019


This paper will consider whether the current approach to the secrecy of leniency documents enshrined in the 2014 EU Antitrust Damages Directive strikes an appropriate balance between maintaining the effectiveness of public enforcement and securing the right of access to justice for antitrust victims. It will argue that having a total ban on the disclosure of specific types of evidence may not be a proportionate response to the concerns for maintaining the secrecy of leniency and settlement submissions vis-à-vis ensuring that claimants can obtain the evidence that is both relevant and necessary to build their case in court.

ID: 78867921