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Binary hard-sphere crystals with the cesium chloride structure

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Original languageEnglish
Article number051403
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical review. E, Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics
Volume6405
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2001

Abstract

The possibility of binary hard-sphere colloids crystallizing with the cesium chloride (CsCl) structure was examined experimentally using poly (methyl methacrylate) particles dispersed in organic solvents. Towards this end, two dispersions were prepared that contained particles with a radius ratio alpha =R-B/R-A, where A refers to the large particles and B the small, of 0.736. This is close to the optimum ratio of 0.732 at which this structure is predicted to form as determined by space-filling calculations. The phases found within the binary mixture were examined using laser light crystallography and scanning electromicroscopy, and some were shown to have the CsCl structure. Over a period of time some of the CsCl crystals disappeared indicating that they were metastable and that this structure may not be the most enduring phase at this size ratio.

    Research areas

  • DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY, SUPERLATTICE FORMATION, COLLOIDAL SPHERES, MIXTURES

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