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Central Government Poverty Policy and Local Resistance: A Comparison of Dibao Regulations Across State Levels

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    Rights statement: © Rosenmeier, C. (2013). The Subversion of Modernity and Socialism in Mu Shiying’s Early Fiction. Frontiers of Literary Studies in China, 7(1), 1-22 doi: 10.3868/s010-002-013-0001-8

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Original languageEnglish
TypeOnline Publication
Media of outputPDF
Number of pages25
Place of PublicationGlobal Asia Journal
VolumePaper 14
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Publication series

NameSocial and Cultural Research Occasional Paper Series
PublisherPace University's Center for East Asian Studies and Hong Kong Shue Yan University's Center for Qualitative and Social Research


The Chinese government has implemented a means-tested social security net for the poorest known as dibao. We compare dibao legislation from the State Council, the Shandong provincial government, and the Qingdao municipal government. As a case study, this comparative analysis of dibao legislation across different state levels and time periods provides a method to analyze differences between central and local government levels. We show that local governments are able to subvert the intentions of the central government by adding sections and altering the language in key passages. This type of horizontal and vertical reading of multiple texts reveals priorities and differences between government levels in ways that are not apparent in any single text.

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